EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3D - Mediterranean Cupressaceae forest

Mediterranean Cupressaceae forest

Description (English)

Evergreen forests and tall scrub of cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), junipers (Juniperus drupacea, Juniperus excelsa, Juniperus foetidissima and Juniperus thurifera) or alerce (Tetraclinis articulata) with a usually open canopy with scrubby understorey and herb-rich field layer, on shallow, usually base-rich soils, in dry, rocky situations scattered through the Mediterranean.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3D
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Cupressus sempervirens
Conifers Juniperus foetidissima
Conifers Juniperus thurifera
Conifers Juniperus excelsa
Flowering Plants Galium monachinii
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Flowering Plants Crepis fraasii
Flowering Plants Pterocephalus perennis
Conifers Pinus brutia
Flowering Plants Luzula nodulosa
Flowering Plants Hypericum empetrifolium
Flowering Plants Achnatherum bromoides
Flowering Plants Scutellaria rupestris
Flowering Plants Bellis longifolia
Flowering Plants Acer sempervirens
Flowering Plants Festuca jeanpertii
Flowering Plants Arbutus andrachne
Flowering Plants Cyclamen persicum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cupressus sempervirens Conifers
Juniperus foetidissima Conifers
Juniperus thurifera Conifers
Juniperus excelsa Conifers
Galium monachinii Flowering Plants
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Crepis fraasii Flowering Plants
Pterocephalus perennis Flowering Plants
Pinus brutia Conifers
Luzula nodulosa Flowering Plants
Hypericum empetrifolium Flowering Plants
Achnatherum bromoides Flowering Plants
Scutellaria rupestris Flowering Plants
Bellis longifolia Flowering Plants
Acer sempervirens Flowering Plants
Festuca jeanpertii Flowering Plants
Arbutus andrachne Flowering Plants
Cyclamen persicum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Conifers Cupressus sempervirens
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Poa bulbosa
Conifers Juniperus excelsa
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Conifers Juniperus foetidissima
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Conifers Juniperus thurifera
Flowering Plants Teucrium polium
Flowering Plants Melica ciliata
Flowering Plants Achnatherum bromoides
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Conifers Pinus brutia
Flowering Plants Olea europaea
Flowering Plants Drimia maritima
Flowering Plants Cistus creticus
Flowering Plants Hypericum empetrifolium
Flowering Plants Rhamnus lycioides

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Cupressus sempervirens Conifers
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Poa bulbosa Flowering Plants
Juniperus excelsa Conifers
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Juniperus foetidissima Conifers
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Juniperus thurifera Conifers
Teucrium polium Flowering Plants
Melica ciliata Flowering Plants
Achnatherum bromoides Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Pinus brutia Conifers
Olea europaea Flowering Plants
Drimia maritima Flowering Plants
Cistus creticus Flowering Plants
Hypericum empetrifolium Flowering Plants
Rhamnus lycioides Flowering Plants
Conifers Cupressus sempervirens
Conifers Juniperus excelsa
Conifers Juniperus thurifera
Conifers Juniperus foetidissima
Conifers Pinus brutia
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cupressus sempervirens Conifers
Juniperus excelsa Conifers
Juniperus thurifera Conifers
Juniperus foetidissima Conifers
Pinus brutia Conifers
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.9 Coniferous woodland, dominated by Cupressaceae or Taxaceae same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.A Western Palaearctic cypress, juniper and yew forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.A Western Palaearctic cypress, juniper and yew forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.A   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.A   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.A   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.A   same
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