Macaronesian heath

Description (English)

Shrubby vegetation on thin soils in the Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands, colonising pyroclastic debris, lava, rock outcrops and landslips, sometimes cyclically renewed by further disturbance or seral to a forest. Floristically diverse between and within the archipelagos.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S43
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Ferns Huperzia dentata
Flowering Plants Thymus caespititius
Flowering Plants Tolpis azorica
Flowering Plants Holcus rigidus
Flowering Plants Vaccinium cylindraceum
Flowering Plants Luzula elegans
Flowering Plants Leontodon filii
Flowering Plants Daboecia azorica
Flowering Plants Hypericum foliosum
Ferns Blechnum spicant
Ferns Lycopodiella cernua
Flowering Plants Erica scoparia
Flowering Plants Platanthera micrantha
Flowering Plants Deschampsia foliosa
Flowering Plants Centaurium scilloides
Conifers Juniperus brevifolia
Flowering Plants Leontodon rigens
Flowering Plants Lotus pedunculatus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Huperzia dentata Ferns
Thymus caespititius Flowering Plants
Tolpis azorica Flowering Plants
Holcus rigidus Flowering Plants
Vaccinium cylindraceum Flowering Plants
Luzula elegans Flowering Plants
Leontodon filii Flowering Plants
Daboecia azorica Flowering Plants
Hypericum foliosum Flowering Plants
Blechnum spicant Ferns
Lycopodiella cernua Ferns
Erica scoparia Flowering Plants
Platanthera micrantha Flowering Plants
Deschampsia foliosa Flowering Plants
Centaurium scilloides Flowering Plants
Juniperus brevifolia Conifers
Leontodon rigens Flowering Plants
Lotus pedunculatus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Potentilla erecta
Ferns Blechnum spicant
Flowering Plants Erica scoparia
Flowering Plants Luzula elegans
Flowering Plants Holcus rigidus
Flowering Plants Agrostis castellana
Flowering Plants Vaccinium cylindraceum
Flowering Plants Lotus pedunculatus
Flowering Plants Thymus caespititius
Ferns Huperzia dentata
Flowering Plants Danthonia decumbens
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Tolpis azorica
Conifers Juniperus brevifolia
Flowering Plants Hypochaeris radicata
Flowering Plants Deschampsia foliosa
Flowering Plants Carex pilulifera

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Potentilla erecta Flowering Plants
Blechnum spicant Ferns
Erica scoparia Flowering Plants
Luzula elegans Flowering Plants
Holcus rigidus Flowering Plants
Agrostis castellana Flowering Plants
Vaccinium cylindraceum Flowering Plants
Lotus pedunculatus Flowering Plants
Thymus caespititius Flowering Plants
Huperzia dentata Ferns
Danthonia decumbens Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Tolpis azorica Flowering Plants
Juniperus brevifolia Conifers
Hypochaeris radicata Flowering Plants
Deschampsia foliosa Flowering Plants
Carex pilulifera Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Erica tetralix
Flowering Plants Thymus caespititius
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Erica scoparia
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Flowering Plants Daboecia azorica

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Erica tetralix Flowering Plants
Thymus caespititius Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Erica scoparia Flowering Plants
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Daboecia azorica Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F4.3 Macaronesian heaths same
European Red List of Habitats F4.3 Macaronesian heath same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F4.3 Macaronesian heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F4.3 Macaronesian heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F4.3 Macaronesian heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F4.3 Macaronesian heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F4.3 Macaronesian heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F4.3 Macaronesian heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.3 Macaronesian heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.3 Macaronesian heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.3   same
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