Eastern Mediterranean spiny heath (phrygana)

Description (English)

Low scrub dominated by thorny hemispherical chamaephytes on various base-rich and acidic substrates in the thermo-, meso- and supramediterranean belts of mainland Greece, Anatolia, the Aegean and Ionian islands, Crete, Cyprus and parts of Sicily. It can be of a primary origin or develops after clearance of evergreen sclerophyllous forest.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S72
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Sarcopoterium spinosum
Flowering Plants Genista acanthoclada
Flowering Plants Thymbra capitata
Flowering Plants Carlina graeca
Flowering Plants Lagoecia cuminoides
Flowering Plants Leontodon tuberosus
Flowering Plants Allium rubrovittatum
Flowering Plants Valantia hispida
Flowering Plants Satureja thymbra
Flowering Plants Phagnalon rupestre
Flowering Plants Bromus intermedius
Flowering Plants Ranunculus paludosus
Flowering Plants Galium murale
Flowering Plants Cuscuta palaestina
Flowering Plants Gastridium phleoides
Flowering Plants Euphorbia acanthothamnos
Flowering Plants Gagea graeca
Flowering Plants Medicago coronata
Flowering Plants Teucrium microphyllum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Sarcopoterium spinosum Flowering Plants
Genista acanthoclada Flowering Plants
Thymbra capitata Flowering Plants
Carlina graeca Flowering Plants
Lagoecia cuminoides Flowering Plants
Leontodon tuberosus Flowering Plants
Allium rubrovittatum Flowering Plants
Valantia hispida Flowering Plants
Satureja thymbra Flowering Plants
Phagnalon rupestre Flowering Plants
Bromus intermedius Flowering Plants
Ranunculus paludosus Flowering Plants
Galium murale Flowering Plants
Cuscuta palaestina Flowering Plants
Gastridium phleoides Flowering Plants
Euphorbia acanthothamnos Flowering Plants
Gagea graeca Flowering Plants
Medicago coronata Flowering Plants
Teucrium microphyllum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Sarcopoterium spinosum
Flowering Plants Thymbra capitata
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Leontodon tuberosus
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Genista acanthoclada
Flowering Plants Trifolium campestre
Flowering Plants Hypochaeris achyrophorus
Flowering Plants Phagnalon rupestre
Flowering Plants Drimia maritima
Flowering Plants Anagallis arvensis
Flowering Plants Lagoecia cuminoides
Flowering Plants Galium murale
Flowering Plants Valantia hispida
Flowering Plants Catapodium rigidum
Flowering Plants Carlina graeca
Flowering Plants Asphodelus ramosus
Flowering Plants Trifolium stellatum
Flowering Plants Linum strictum
Flowering Plants Avena barbata

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Sarcopoterium spinosum Flowering Plants
Thymbra capitata Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Leontodon tuberosus Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Genista acanthoclada Flowering Plants
Trifolium campestre Flowering Plants
Hypochaeris achyrophorus Flowering Plants
Phagnalon rupestre Flowering Plants
Drimia maritima Flowering Plants
Anagallis arvensis Flowering Plants
Lagoecia cuminoides Flowering Plants
Galium murale Flowering Plants
Valantia hispida Flowering Plants
Catapodium rigidum Flowering Plants
Carlina graeca Flowering Plants
Asphodelus ramosus Flowering Plants
Trifolium stellatum Flowering Plants
Linum strictum Flowering Plants
Avena barbata Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Sarcopoterium spinosum
Flowering Plants Genista acanthoclada
Flowering Plants Euphorbia acanthothamnos
Flowering Plants Thymbra capitata

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Sarcopoterium spinosum Flowering Plants
Genista acanthoclada Flowering Plants
Euphorbia acanthothamnos Flowering Plants
Thymbra capitata Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F7.3 East Mediterranean phrygana same
European Red List of Habitats F7.3 Eastern Mediterranean spiny heath (phrygana) same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F7.3 East Mediterranean phrygana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F7.3 East Mediterranean phrygana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F7.3 East Mediterranean phrygana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F7.3 East Mediterranean phrygana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F6.3 East Mediterranean phrygana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F5.3 East Mediterranean phryganas same
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