Western Mediterranean mountain hedgehog-heath

Description (English)

Heath of often spiny hedgehog sub-shrubs on base-rich and acidic soils in the upper supra- and oromediterranean belts of the Iberian Peninsula, historically sustaining transhumance pastoralism but often extending down from crests and steep slopes due to grazing and burning.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S73
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Echinospartum horridum
Flowering Plants Erinacea anthyllis
Flowering Plants Echinospartum lusitanicum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum apenninum
Flowering Plants Koeleria vallesiana
Flowering Plants Thymus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Crepis albida
Flowering Plants Brassica repanda
Flowering Plants Centaurea resupinata
Flowering Plants Paronychia kapela
Flowering Plants Bupleurum fruticescens
Flowering Plants Saponaria caespitosa
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Linum narbonense
Flowering Plants Teucrium pyrenaicum
Flowering Plants Marrubium supinum
Flowering Plants Carthamus carduncellus
Flowering Plants Potentilla pusilla
Flowering Plants Helianthemum origanifolium

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Echinospartum horridum Flowering Plants
Erinacea anthyllis Flowering Plants
Echinospartum lusitanicum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum apenninum Flowering Plants
Koeleria vallesiana Flowering Plants
Thymus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Crepis albida Flowering Plants
Brassica repanda Flowering Plants
Centaurea resupinata Flowering Plants
Paronychia kapela Flowering Plants
Bupleurum fruticescens Flowering Plants
Saponaria caespitosa Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Linum narbonense Flowering Plants
Teucrium pyrenaicum Flowering Plants
Marrubium supinum Flowering Plants
Carthamus carduncellus Flowering Plants
Potentilla pusilla Flowering Plants
Helianthemum origanifolium Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Thymus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Koeleria vallesiana
Flowering Plants Erinacea anthyllis
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Echinospartum horridum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum apenninum
Flowering Plants Buxus sempervirens
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Genista scorpius
Flowering Plants Teucrium polium
Flowering Plants Anthyllis vulneraria
Flowering Plants Lavandula latifolia
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. nana
Flowering Plants Anthyllis montana
Flowering Plants Potentilla pusilla
Flowering Plants Paronychia kapela
Flowering Plants Fumana procumbens

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Thymus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Koeleria vallesiana Flowering Plants
Erinacea anthyllis Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Echinospartum horridum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum apenninum Flowering Plants
Buxus sempervirens Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Genista scorpius Flowering Plants
Teucrium polium Flowering Plants
Anthyllis vulneraria Flowering Plants
Lavandula latifolia Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. nana Conifers
Anthyllis montana Flowering Plants
Potentilla pusilla Flowering Plants
Paronychia kapela Flowering Plants
Fumana procumbens Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Echinospartum horridum
Flowering Plants Erinacea anthyllis
Flowering Plants Echinospartum lusitanicum
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Bupleurum fruticescens

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Echinospartum horridum Flowering Plants
Erinacea anthyllis Flowering Plants
Echinospartum lusitanicum Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Bupleurum fruticescens Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F7.4 Hedgehog-heaths narrower
European Red List of Habitats F7.4a Western Mediterranean mountain hedgehog-heath same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F7.4 Hedgehog-heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F7.4 Hedgehog-heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F7.4 Hedgehog-heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F7.4 Hedgehog-heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F6.4 Hedgehog-heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F5.4 Hedgehog-heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.7 Hedgehog-heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.7 Hedgehog-heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.7   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.7   same
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