Temperate ultramafic inland cliff

Description (English)

Warmer south-facing cliffs of ultramafic rocks from the lowlands to the alpine belt of the temperate zone. They have an open cover of a distinctive crevice-rooting flora, mostly annuals, grasses and certain ferns, specialized for the mineral content of the shallow soils. The habitat supports some endemic plants.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code U3A
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Ferns Asplenium adiantum-nigrum subsp. serpentini
Ferns Asplenium adulterinum
Flowering Plants Daphne malyana
Flowering Plants Micromeria croatica
Flowering Plants Hedysarum macedonicum
Flowering Plants Bornmuellera dieckii
Flowering Plants Hieracium waldsteinii
Flowering Plants Festuca pallens
Flowering Plants Stipa novakii
Flowering Plants Erysimum linariifolium
Flowering Plants Moltkia petraea
Mosses & Liverworts Anomodon attenuatus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum subsp. serpentini Ferns
Asplenium adulterinum Ferns
Daphne malyana Flowering Plants
Micromeria croatica Flowering Plants
Hedysarum macedonicum Flowering Plants
Bornmuellera dieckii Flowering Plants
Hieracium waldsteinii Flowering Plants
Festuca pallens Flowering Plants
Stipa novakii Flowering Plants
Erysimum linariifolium Flowering Plants
Moltkia petraea Flowering Plants
Anomodon attenuatus Mosses & Liverworts
Ferns Asplenium adiantum-nigrum subsp. serpentini
Flowering Plants Thymus praecox
Ferns Asplenium adulterinum
Flowering Plants Silene vulgaris
Flowering Plants Festuca pallens
Flowering Plants Campanula rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Thymus pulegioides
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis
Flowering Plants Poa badensis
Flowering Plants Plantago holosteum
Flowering Plants Minuartia verna
Mosses & Liverworts Hypnum cupressiforme
Flowering Plants Festuca ovina
Ferns Asplenium trichomanes
Ferns Asplenium ruta-muraria
Flowering Plants Achillea millefolium

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum subsp. serpentini Ferns
Thymus praecox Flowering Plants
Asplenium adulterinum Ferns
Silene vulgaris Flowering Plants
Festuca pallens Flowering Plants
Campanula rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Thymus pulegioides Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants
Poa badensis Flowering Plants
Plantago holosteum Flowering Plants
Minuartia verna Flowering Plants
Hypnum cupressiforme Mosses & Liverworts
Festuca ovina Flowering Plants
Asplenium trichomanes Ferns
Asplenium ruta-muraria Ferns
Achillea millefolium Flowering Plants
Ferns Asplenium adiantum-nigrum subsp. serpentini

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum subsp. serpentini Ferns

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs narrower
European Red List of Habitats H3.2f Temperate ultramafic inland cliff same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 H3.1 Calcareous inland cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 62.1 Vegetated calcareous inland cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 62.1 Vegetated calcareous inland cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 62.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 62.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 62.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 62.1   same
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