Mediterranean ultramafic inland cliff

Description (English)

Ultramafic rocks and cliffs away from the coast in the Mediterranean have a very scattered distribution and sustain a sparse but highly distinctive flora of a few ferns, seed plants and cryptogams especially adapted for growing in the fissures and crevices of this specific substrate.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code U3B
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Festucopsis serpentini
Flowering Plants Viola magellensis
Flowering Plants Sesleria coerulans
Ferns Asplenium adiantum-nigrum subsp. serpentini
Flowering Plants Cardamine pancicii
Flowering Plants Silene schwarzenbergeri
Flowering Plants Erysimum kuemmerlei
Flowering Plants Hypericum spruneri
Flowering Plants Centaurea micrantha
Flowering Plants Reseda virgata
Flowering Plants Leontodon asperrimus
Flowering Plants Trigonella balansae
Flowering Plants Armeria langei
Flowering Plants Linum elegans
Flowering Plants Genista hassertiana
Flowering Plants Potentilla apennina
Flowering Plants Silene parnassica
Flowering Plants Crepis conyzifolia

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festucopsis serpentini Flowering Plants
Viola magellensis Flowering Plants
Sesleria coerulans Flowering Plants
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum subsp. serpentini Ferns
Cardamine pancicii Flowering Plants
Silene schwarzenbergeri Flowering Plants
Erysimum kuemmerlei Flowering Plants
Hypericum spruneri Flowering Plants
Centaurea micrantha Flowering Plants
Reseda virgata Flowering Plants
Leontodon asperrimus Flowering Plants
Trigonella balansae Flowering Plants
Armeria langei Flowering Plants
Linum elegans Flowering Plants
Genista hassertiana Flowering Plants
Potentilla apennina Flowering Plants
Silene parnassica Flowering Plants
Crepis conyzifolia Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Festucopsis serpentini
Flowering Plants Sedum album
Flowering Plants Viola magellensis
Flowering Plants Sesleria coerulans
Ferns Asplenium adiantum-nigrum subsp. serpentini
Flowering Plants Minuartia verna
Flowering Plants Dianthus sylvestris
Ferns Asplenium ceterach
Flowering Plants Tuberaria guttata
Flowering Plants Trigonella balansae
Flowering Plants Trifolium arvense
Mosses & Liverworts Tortella tortuosa
Flowering Plants Silene schwarzenbergeri
Flowering Plants Silene parnassica
Flowering Plants Silene multicaulis
Flowering Plants Silene armeria
Flowering Plants Sedum rupestre
Flowering Plants Rumex scutatus
Flowering Plants Reseda virgata

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festucopsis serpentini Flowering Plants
Sedum album Flowering Plants
Viola magellensis Flowering Plants
Sesleria coerulans Flowering Plants
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum subsp. serpentini Ferns
Minuartia verna Flowering Plants
Dianthus sylvestris Flowering Plants
Asplenium ceterach Ferns
Tuberaria guttata Flowering Plants
Trigonella balansae Flowering Plants
Trifolium arvense Flowering Plants
Tortella tortuosa Mosses & Liverworts
Silene schwarzenbergeri Flowering Plants
Silene parnassica Flowering Plants
Silene multicaulis Flowering Plants
Silene armeria Flowering Plants
Sedum rupestre Flowering Plants
Rumex scutatus Flowering Plants
Reseda virgata Flowering Plants

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs narrower
European Red List of Habitats H3.2g Mediterranean ultramafic inland cliff same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 H3.1 Calcareous inland cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 62.1 Vegetated calcareous inland cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 62.1 Vegetated calcareous inland cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 62.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 62.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 62.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 62.1   same
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