Atlantic mid-low saltmarshes

Description (English)

Low zone of Atlantic salt marshes with open to closed swards of halophytic graminoids, herbs and low shrubs on sandy or clayey flats. The communities are regularly flooded (100-200 days/year) by seawater. In the southern part of the distribution range, perennial glassworts may dominate, indicating transitions toward Mediterranean salt marshes.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code MA224
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Puccinellia maritima
Flowering Plants Spergularia media
Flowering Plants Tripolium pannonicum
Flowering Plants Halimione portulacoides
Flowering Plants Limonium humile
Flowering Plants Limonium vulgare
Flowering Plants Cochlearia anglica
Flowering Plants Triglochin maritima
Flowering Plants Glaux maritima
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Puccinellia maritima Flowering Plants
Spergularia media Flowering Plants
Tripolium pannonicum Flowering Plants
Halimione portulacoides Flowering Plants
Limonium humile Flowering Plants
Limonium vulgare Flowering Plants
Cochlearia anglica Flowering Plants
Triglochin maritima Flowering Plants
Glaux maritima Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Puccinellia maritima
Flowering Plants Tripolium pannonicum
Flowering Plants Spergularia media
Flowering Plants Halimione portulacoides
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima
Flowering Plants Triglochin maritima
Flowering Plants Glaux maritima
Flowering Plants Limonium vulgare
Flowering Plants Armeria maritima
Flowering Plants Spartina anglica
Flowering Plants Atriplex prostrata

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Puccinellia maritima Flowering Plants
Tripolium pannonicum Flowering Plants
Spergularia media Flowering Plants
Halimione portulacoides Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima Flowering Plants
Triglochin maritima Flowering Plants
Glaux maritima Flowering Plants
Limonium vulgare Flowering Plants
Armeria maritima Flowering Plants
Spartina anglica Flowering Plants
Atriplex prostrata Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Puccinellia maritima
Flowering Plants Halimione portulacoides
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Puccinellia maritima Flowering Plants
Halimione portulacoides Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A2.542 Atlantic lower shore communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A2.54 Low-mid saltmarshes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A2.64 Low-mid saltmarshes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A2.642 Atlantic lower shore communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A2.64 Low-mid saltmarshes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A2.642 Atlantic lower shore communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A2.642 Atlantic lower shore communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A2.64 Low-mid saltmarshes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A2.62 Low-mid saltmarshes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A2.622 Atlantic lower schorre communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B3.32 Atlantic lower schorre communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 15.32 Atlantic lower schorre communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 15.32 Atlantic lower schorre communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 15.32   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 15.32   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 15.32   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 15.132   same
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) LMU.Sml-m Saltmarsh (low-mid) same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100