Black Sea littoral saltmarsh

Description (English)

Black Sea salt marshes on sandy and muddy substrates along sheltered shores, characterized by small tidal ranges and relatively low salinity. Tall rushes dominate at most sites, but locally shrub and herb communities may occur that are typical of inland continental salt pans. Due to desiccation, the substrate of such communities in the upper zone can be hypersaline.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code MA241
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Limonium meyeri
Flowering Plants Artemisia santonicum
Flowering Plants Halimione verrucifera
Flowering Plants Halimione pedunculata
Flowering Plants Elytrigia elongata
Flowering Plants Limonium bellidifolium
Flowering Plants Puccinellia distans
Flowering Plants Aeluropus littoralis
Flowering Plants Puccinellia dolicholepis
Flowering Plants Juncus gerardi

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Limonium meyeri Flowering Plants
Artemisia santonicum Flowering Plants
Halimione verrucifera Flowering Plants
Halimione pedunculata Flowering Plants
Elytrigia elongata Flowering Plants
Limonium bellidifolium Flowering Plants
Puccinellia distans Flowering Plants
Aeluropus littoralis Flowering Plants
Puccinellia dolicholepis Flowering Plants
Juncus gerardi Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Artemisia santonicum
Flowering Plants Limonium meyeri
Flowering Plants Juncus gerardi
Flowering Plants Puccinellia distans
Flowering Plants Halimione verrucifera
Flowering Plants Elytrigia elongata
Flowering Plants Phragmites australis
Flowering Plants Tripolium pannonicum
Flowering Plants Atriplex prostrata
Flowering Plants Cynanchum acutum
Flowering Plants Bromus squarrosus
Flowering Plants Aeluropus littoralis
Flowering Plants Limonium bellidifolium
Flowering Plants Spergularia marina
Flowering Plants Halimione pedunculata

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Artemisia santonicum Flowering Plants
Limonium meyeri Flowering Plants
Juncus gerardi Flowering Plants
Puccinellia distans Flowering Plants
Halimione verrucifera Flowering Plants
Elytrigia elongata Flowering Plants
Phragmites australis Flowering Plants
Tripolium pannonicum Flowering Plants
Atriplex prostrata Flowering Plants
Cynanchum acutum Flowering Plants
Bromus squarrosus Flowering Plants
Aeluropus littoralis Flowering Plants
Limonium bellidifolium Flowering Plants
Spergularia marina Flowering Plants
Halimione pedunculata Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Artemisia santonicum
Flowering Plants Elytrigia elongata
Flowering Plants Juncus gerardi
Flowering Plants Puccinellia distans

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Artemisia santonicum Flowering Plants
Elytrigia elongata Flowering Plants
Juncus gerardi Flowering Plants
Puccinellia distans Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) A2.5 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds narrower
European Red List of Habitats RLA2.5d Mediterranean and Black Sea coastal salt marsh narrower
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A2.5 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A2.6 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A2.6 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A2.6 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A2.6 Coastal saltmarshes and saline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B3 Coastal saltmarshes and halophytic habitats same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 15 Saltmarshes, salt steppes, salt scrubs wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 15 Saltmarshes, salt steppes, salt scrubs wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 15   wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 15   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 15   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 15.1   wider
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) LMU.Sm Saltmarsh same
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