Mediterranean upper saltmarshes

Description (English)

Open communities of the upper fringe of Mediterranean salt marshes, dominated by annual species, often under the influence of salt spray. The vegetation often occupies small but relatively species-rich patches. Many species are vernal, ending their life cycle before summer, and many are also found outside the coastal region.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code MA251
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Parapholis incurva
Flowering Plants Arthrocnemum macrostachyum
Flowering Plants Hordeum marinum
Flowering Plants Parapholis filiformis
Flowering Plants Polypogon subspathaceus
Flowering Plants Spergularia marina
Flowering Plants Frankenia pulverulenta
Flowering Plants Sphenopus divaricatus
Flowering Plants Spergularia heldreichii
Flowering Plants Sagina maritima

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Parapholis incurva Flowering Plants
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum Flowering Plants
Hordeum marinum Flowering Plants
Parapholis filiformis Flowering Plants
Polypogon subspathaceus Flowering Plants
Spergularia marina Flowering Plants
Frankenia pulverulenta Flowering Plants
Sphenopus divaricatus Flowering Plants
Spergularia heldreichii Flowering Plants
Sagina maritima Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Parapholis incurva
Flowering Plants Spergularia marina
Flowering Plants Arthrocnemum macrostachyum
Flowering Plants Hordeum marinum
Flowering Plants Parapholis filiformis
Flowering Plants Halimione portulacoides
Flowering Plants Sagina maritima
Flowering Plants Frankenia pulverulenta
Flowering Plants Polypogon subspathaceus
Flowering Plants Polypogon monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Sphenopus divaricatus
Flowering Plants Spergularia media
Flowering Plants Puccinellia festuciformis
Flowering Plants Atriplex prostrata

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Parapholis incurva Flowering Plants
Spergularia marina Flowering Plants
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum Flowering Plants
Hordeum marinum Flowering Plants
Parapholis filiformis Flowering Plants
Halimione portulacoides Flowering Plants
Sagina maritima Flowering Plants
Frankenia pulverulenta Flowering Plants
Polypogon subspathaceus Flowering Plants
Polypogon monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Sphenopus divaricatus Flowering Plants
Spergularia media Flowering Plants
Puccinellia festuciformis Flowering Plants
Atriplex prostrata Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Parapholis incurva
Flowering Plants Spergularia marina
Flowering Plants Parapholis filiformis
Flowering Plants Arthrocnemum macrostachyum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Parapholis incurva Flowering Plants
Spergularia marina Flowering Plants
Parapholis filiformis Flowering Plants
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A2.52 Upper saltmarshes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A2.526 Mediterranean saltmarsh scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A2.62 Species-rich upper saltmarshes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A2.626 Mediterranean saltmarsh scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A2.626 Mediterranean saltmarsh scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A2.62 Species-rich upper saltmarshes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A2.626 Mediterranean saltmarsh scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A2.62 Species-rich upper saltmarshes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A2.646 Mediterranean saltmarsh scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A2.64 Species-rich upper saltmarshes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B3.51 Mediterranean saltmarsh scrubs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 15.61 Mediterranean saltmarsh scrubs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 15.61 Mediterranean saltmarsh scrubs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 15.61   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 15.61   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 15.61   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100