EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > M - Marine benthic habitats > MA2 - Littoral biogenic habitat > MA25 - Mediterranean littoral biogenic habitat > MA252 - Mediterranean upper-mid saltmarshes and saline and brackish reed, rush and sedge beds

Mediterranean upper-mid saltmarshes and saline and brackish reed, rush and sedge beds

Description (English)

Open to closed rush communities on the high zone of Mediterranean salt marshes, where flooding frequency (by seawater) is low. The vegetation generally occupies small belts and patches, in line with the limited tidal range of the Mediterranean Sea. Inbetween the rushes, a range of halophytic grasses, herbs and low shrubs may be found.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code MA252
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Juncus acutus
Flowering Plants Juncus maritimus
Flowering Plants Limonium narbonense
Flowering Plants Juncus subulatus
Flowering Plants Carex extensa
Flowering Plants Sarcocornia fruticosa
Flowering Plants Bolboschoenus maritimus
Flowering Plants Plantago crassifolia

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juncus acutus Flowering Plants
Juncus maritimus Flowering Plants
Limonium narbonense Flowering Plants
Juncus subulatus Flowering Plants
Carex extensa Flowering Plants
Sarcocornia fruticosa Flowering Plants
Bolboschoenus maritimus Flowering Plants
Plantago crassifolia Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Juncus acutus
Flowering Plants Phragmites australis
Flowering Plants Juncus maritimus
Flowering Plants Bolboschoenus maritimus
Flowering Plants Tripolium pannonicum
Flowering Plants Atriplex prostrata
Flowering Plants Halimione portulacoides
Flowering Plants Sarcocornia fruticosa
Flowering Plants Limonium narbonense
Flowering Plants Carex extensa
Flowering Plants Dittrichia viscosa
Flowering Plants Elytrigia atherica
Flowering Plants Juncus subulatus
Flowering Plants Sonchus maritimus
Flowering Plants Plantago crassifolia
Flowering Plants Aeluropus littoralis

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juncus acutus Flowering Plants
Phragmites australis Flowering Plants
Juncus maritimus Flowering Plants
Bolboschoenus maritimus Flowering Plants
Tripolium pannonicum Flowering Plants
Atriplex prostrata Flowering Plants
Halimione portulacoides Flowering Plants
Sarcocornia fruticosa Flowering Plants
Limonium narbonense Flowering Plants
Carex extensa Flowering Plants
Dittrichia viscosa Flowering Plants
Elytrigia atherica Flowering Plants
Juncus subulatus Flowering Plants
Sonchus maritimus Flowering Plants
Plantago crassifolia Flowering Plants
Aeluropus littoralis Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Juncus acutus
Flowering Plants Bolboschoenus maritimus
Flowering Plants Juncus maritimus
Flowering Plants Phragmites australis
Flowering Plants Halimione portulacoides

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juncus acutus Flowering Plants
Bolboschoenus maritimus Flowering Plants
Juncus maritimus Flowering Plants
Phragmites australis Flowering Plants
Halimione portulacoides Flowering Plants

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A2.53 Mid-upper saltmarshes and saline and brackish reed, rush and sedge beds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A2.63 Mid-upper saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A2.63 Mid-upper saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A2.63 Mid-upper saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A2.63 Mid-upper saltmarshes same
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) LMU.Smm-u Saltmarsh (mid-upper) same
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