EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > M - Marine benthic habitats > MA5 - Littoral sand > MA54 - Black sea littoral sand > MA541 - Black sea mediolittoral sands

Black sea mediolittoral sands

Description (English)

Coarse, medium and fine sands in the Mediolittoral zone, typically exposed, moderately exposed or sheltered from wave action.The dominant environmental conditions which define the sediment characteristic and species composition are high levels of physical disturbance from wave action, wide temperature variability, and periods of desiccation. In the microtidal Black Sea (tidal range of about 0.3 m) this habitat is limited to narrow beach strip covered by the swash. Community composition depends on grain size and origin of sand (siliceous/calcareous, biogenic/abiogenic) with three associated biotopes distinguished. Diversity is usually low due to high physical disturbance from wave action but abundances may be high.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code MA541
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A2.2 Littoral sand and muddy sand same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A2.2 Littoral sand and muddy sand same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A2.2 Littoral sands and muddy sands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A2.2 Littoral sands and muddy sands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A2.2 Littoral sands and muddy sands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 A2.2 Littoral muddy sands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 11.27 Part of Soft sediment littoral communities wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 14.1 Part of Mud flats and sand flats wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 14 Part of Mud flats and sand flats wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 11.27 Part of Soft sediment littoral communities wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 14   wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 11.27   wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 11.27   wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 14   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 14   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 14   wider
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) LMS Littoral muddy sands same
MNCR BioMar 96.7 (Britain & Ireland) LMS   same
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