Coralline crusts and crustaceans on Atlantic littoral mobile boulders or cobbles in surge gullies
Highly mobile and scoured boulders and cobbles found on cave and gully floors and which often appear bare. Where there is sufficient light and stability, however, the boulders are encrusted by coralline algal crusts. Barnacles Balanus crenatus and keelworms Pomatoceros triqueter may survive in areas protected from severe abrasion. Crabs such as Cancer pagurus and Carcinus maenas may occur, often beneath and between the rocks, along with the gastropod Calliostoma zizyphinum. The anemone Actinia equina may be present in low numbers.
Situation: The slightly less-scoured walls often found above this biotope in caves and gullies are generally characterised by a similar, but richer community of scour-tolerant Balanus crenatus, Pomatoceros triqueter, coralline crusts and spirorbid worms (MB1-2761). This impoverished biotope may form an intermediate between barren gravel and slightly more stable larger pebbles and cobbles which are covered by algae that are often found in the mouths of caves (unit MB1-271).
Temporal variation: Winter storms periodically mobilise the boulders and cobbles, causing abrasion to any seasonal biota that may have developed over the calmer summer months.
Source: EUNIS habitat classification
|EUNIS habitat type||code MB12762|
|Relation to||Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)|
Relation to other habitat types mentioned in legal instruments
Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)Not available
Species mentioned in habitat description
|Species scientific name||English common name||Species group|
|Classification||Code||Habitat type name||Relationship type|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012)||A3.7162||Coralline crusts and crustaceans on mobile boulders or cobbles in surge gullies||same|
|Classification||Code||Habitat type name||Relationship type||Comment|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410||A3.7162||Coralline crusts and crustaceans on mobile boulders or cobbles in surge gullies||same|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308||A3.4152||Coralline crusts and crustaceans on mobile boulders in surge gullies||same|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202||A3.4152||Coralline crusts and crustaceans on mobile boulders in surge gullies||same|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910||A3.4152||Coralline crusts and crustaceans on mobile boulders in surge gullies||same|
|MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland)||EIR.SG.CC.Mob||Coralline crusts and crustaceans on mobile boulders in surge gullies||same|