EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > M - Marine benthic habitats > MB1 - Infralittoral rock > MB14 - Black Sea infralittoral rock > MB14E - Caves, overhangs and surge gullys in Black sea infralittoral rock

Caves, overhangs and surge gullys in Black sea infralittoral rock

Description (English)

Caves and overhangs in the infralittoral zone are completely submerged at all states of the tide. Light conditions are generally poor. Communities of sciaphillic algae, sponges and mussels are commonly present. Characteristic species: Phyllophora nervosa, Lomentaria clavellosa, Hildenbrandia rubra, Zanardinia typus, Mytilus galloprovincialis, erect sponges Halichondria panicea , Haliclona simulans, Dysidea fragilis, Dysidea pallescensor thin crust sponges like Antho involvens, Haliclona flavescens , Haliclona cinerea, Suberites prototypus, Clathria cleistocheila depending on current intensity, anemones Actinia equina, red mysid shrimp Hemimysis pontica, Hemimysis serrata and turf hydrozoans.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code MB14E
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Algae Hildenbrandia rubra
Algae Lomentaria clavellosa
Invertebrates Actinia equina
Invertebrates Antho involvens
Invertebrates Dysidea fragilis
Invertebrates Dysidea pallescens
Invertebrates Haliclona cinerea
Invertebrates Haliclona flavescens
Invertebrates Haliclona simulans
Invertebrates Hemimysis pontica
Invertebrates Hemimysis serrata
Invertebrates Mytilus galloprovincialis
Invertebrates Suberites prototypus
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Hildenbrandia rubra Algae
Lomentaria clavellosa Algae
Actinia equina Invertebrates
Antho involvens Invertebrates
Dysidea fragilis Invertebrates
Dysidea pallescens Invertebrates
Haliclona cinerea Invertebrates
Haliclona flavescens Invertebrates
Haliclona simulans Invertebrates
Hemimysis pontica Invertebrates
Hemimysis serrata Invertebrates
Mytilus galloprovincialis Invertebrates
Suberites prototypus Invertebrates

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A3.7 Features of infralittoral rock same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A3.4 Caves, overhangs and surge gullies in the infralittoral zone narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A3.4 Caves, overhangs and surge gullies in the infralittoral zone narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A3.4 Caves, overhangs and surge gullies in the infralittoral zone narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A3.4 Caves, overhangs and surge gullies in the infralittoral zone narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 A9.2 Infralittoral caves narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 12.7 Part of Sea-caves narrower
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