Baltic infralittoral shell gravel dominated by kelp

Description (English)

Baltic bottoms in the photic zone of wich at least 90 % iscoveraged of shell gravel. Perennial attached algae cover at least 10 % of the seabed, and more than other perennial attached erect groups. Out of the perennial attached algae, kelp constitutes at least 50 % of the biovolume.
Physical environment
Salinity range: <11 psu; Exposure range: moderate to high; Depth range: photic zone
Characteristic species
Saccharina latissima, Laminaria digitata, Laminaria hyperboria
Geographic range
South-western Baltic Sea, the Sound Helcom Hub Red List category Near threatened (NT)

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code MB2321
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Algae Laminaria digitata
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Laminaria digitata Algae

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A5.113 Baltic shell gravel bottoms in the infralittoral photic zone same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A4.115 Baltic shell gravel bottoms in the infralittoral photic zone same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A4.115 Baltic shell gravel bottoms in the infralittoral photic zone same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A4.46 Baltic shell gravel bottoms in the infralittoral photic zone same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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