EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > M - Marine benthic habitats > MC1 - Circalittoral rock > MC12 - Atlantic circalittoral rock > MC122 - Echinoderms and crustose communities on Atlantic circalittoral rock > MC1228 - Faunal communities on Atlantic circalittoral artificial hard substrate

Faunal communities on Atlantic circalittoral artificial hard substrate

Description (English)

This habitat type contains two biotopes which, although have different physical habitat characteristics, share the fact that they colonise new areas of artificial substrata relatively quickly. The Ascidiella aspersa fouling biotope (MC1-2282) is found on wave-sheltered artificial substrata such as discarded fishing nets/mooring lines. A separate fouling biotope (A4.721) is described for open coast wrecks. This biotope has a characteristic faunal community of Alcyonium digitatum and the anemone Metridium senile. Other species recorded in this complex (primarily under subunit A4.721) include the hydroid Nemertesia antennina, the anemones Actinothoe sphyrodeta and Sagartia elegans, the cup coral Caryophyllia smithii, the bryozoans Flustra foliacea and Bugula plumosa, the crabs Necora puber, Cancer pagurus and Maja squinado and the lobster Homarus gammarus.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code MC1228
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Invertebrates Actinothoe sphyrodeta
Invertebrates Alcyonium digitatum
Invertebrates Ascidiella aspersa
Invertebrates Bugula plumosa
Invertebrates Cancer pagurus
Invertebrates Caryophyllia smithii
Invertebrates Flustra foliacea
Invertebrates Homarus gammarus
Invertebrates Maja squinado
Invertebrates Metridium senile
Invertebrates Necora puber
Invertebrates Nemertesia antennina
Invertebrates Sagartia elegans
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Actinothoe sphyrodeta Invertebrates
Alcyonium digitatum Invertebrates
Ascidiella aspersa Invertebrates
Bugula plumosa Invertebrates
Cancer pagurus Invertebrates
Caryophyllia smithii Invertebrates
Flustra foliacea Invertebrates
Homarus gammarus Invertebrates
Maja squinado Invertebrates
Metridium senile Invertebrates
Necora puber Invertebrates
Nemertesia antennina Invertebrates
Sagartia elegans Invertebrates

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A4.72 Circalittoral fouling faunal communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A4.7 Features of circalittoral rock same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100