Atlantic offshore circalittoral Lophelia pertusa reefs

Description (English)

Reefs of the coral Lophelia pertusa, typically supporting a range of other biota. Lophelia reefs are generally found in areas of elevated current. The coral provides a 3 dimensional structure and a variety of microhabitats that provide shelter and a surface of attachment for other species. Boring sponges, anemones, bryozoans, gorgonians including Paragorgia arborea, Paramuricea placomus, Primnoa resedaeformis, polychaetes, barnacles, squat lobsters (Munida sarsi) and bivalves have all been recorded within and among the corals (Wilson, 1979; Mortensen et al., 1995) Other hard corals such as Madrepora oculata and Solenosmilia variabilis may also be present. Mobile species present include the redfish (Sebastes viviparous and Sebastes marinus), Ling (Molva molva) and tusk (Brosme brosme) (Husebo et al., 2002).
Situation: In British waters Lophelia reefs have been found on fine silt sediment and rock on the continental slope, on rock on the continental shelf, and on other hard structures such as the legs of oil platforms.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code MD2211
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) A5.631 Circalittoral Lophelia pertusa reefs narrower
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A5.631 Circalittoral Lophelia pertusa reefs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A5.611 Lophelia pertusa reefs wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A5.611 Lophelia pertusa reefs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A5.131 Lophelia pertusa reefs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A5.11 Lophelia pertusa reefs on circalittoral offshore rock same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 A5.41 Lophelia beds on circalittoral offshore rock same
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) COR.Lop Lophelia reefs same
MNCR BioMar 96.7 (Britain & Ireland) COR.Lop   same
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