Atlantic lower bathyal live Solenosmilia variabilis reef

Description (English)

This biotope is similar to Lophelia pertusa reef, but the dominant scleractinian species is Solenosmilia variabilis. It is generally found deeper than Lophelia pertusa reef in the lower bathyal zone (>1200m). Solenosmilia attaches to any hard substrate present and then grows outwards forming a hard reef structure. Solenosmilia reef is often associated with a range of coral species and a high diversity of other fauna. This biotope refers only to reef framework summits with live Solenosmilia. This biotope will generally be surrounded by dead Solenosmilia reef framework. Solenosmilia reef can be found in a mosaic with other substrate types.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code MF2211
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Invertebrates Lophelia pertusa
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Lophelia pertusa Invertebrates

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) A6.6 Deep-sea bioherms narrower
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types


Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A6.6 Deep-sea bioherms same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A5.6 Deep-sea bioherms same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A5.6 Deep-sea bioherms same
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