Red List habitat classification > RLE - Grasslands > RLE3.1a Mediterranean tall humid inland grassland

Mediterranean tall humid inland grassland

Quick facts

Red List habitat type code RLE3.1a
Threat status
Europe Least Concern
EU Least Concern
Relation to
Source European Red List habitat factsheet
European Red List of habitats reports
European Red List of habitats (Excel table)

Summary

Mediterranean humid herb communities dominated by rushes (Scirpus holoschoenus) and tall grasses, common in depressions with wet soils, on both siliceous and calcareous terrain. The water table remains permanently near to the surface but is subject to strong seasonal fluctuations, experiencing a lower level during summer and a higher in the rainy season, although the habitat is never or very rarely flooded. It is more frequent in areas under a predominantly stock-rearing system, being thus more abundant in siliceous regions. It is widespread in the entire Mediterranean basin, extending as far as the coasts of the Black Sea and the Balkans, north to Romania. This habitat has been traditionally grazed in the areas where summer pastures dry out and cattle and sheep have to graze humid pastures in the dry season. However, it is not dependent on grazing and its sustainability can be assured without this intervention.

Indicators of good quality:

  • Domination by a complete and dense cover of reeds (Scirpus holoschoenus) and grasses

  • High plant species diversity

  • Absence of shrubs, particularly willows, ashes or poplars, indicating initial stages of succession towards forest

  • No signs of heavy grazing.

Characteristic species
For full habitat description, please download the habitat factsheet.

Threat status

Synthesis of Red List assessment

The small amount of available quantitative data supports an evaluation of Least Concern (LC), despite a continuing decline in quantity and quality and of several threats the habitat faces.
EU
Red List Category Red List Criteria
Least Concern -
Europe
Red List Category Red List Criteria
Least Concern -

Confidence in the assessment

low
Red List of habitat categories and criteria descriptions

Pressures and threats

  • Agriculture
    • Modification of cultivation practices
    • Grassland removal for arable land
    • Grazing
    • Abandonment of pastoral systems, lack of grazing
  • Urbanisation, residential and commercial development
    • Urbanised areas, human habitation
  • Pollution
    • Pollution to surface waters (limnic, terrestrial, marine & brackish)
  • Natural System modifications
    • Human induced changes in hydraulic conditions

Habitat restoration potential

Recovery depends greatly on the feasibility of restoring the distinctive hydrological conditions.

Trends in extent

Average current trend in quantity

Decreasing Unknown
EU28 EU28+

Trends in quality

Average current trend in quality

Decreasing Decreasing
EU28 EU28+

Conservation and management needs

No detailed information is available.

List of conservation and management needs

  • Measures related to agriculture and open habitats
    • Maintaining grasslands and other open habitats

Distribution

For each habitat a distribution map was produced from a wide variety of sources indicating known and potential occurrences of the habitat in 10x10 km grids within Europe. Occurrences in grid cells were given in two classes: actual distribution from relatively reliable sources (surveys, expert knowledge), and potential distribution based on models or less reliable indicators. Please download the fact sheet to see the map.

Geographic occurrence and trends

EU28 Present or presence uncertain Current area of habitat (Km2) Recent trend in quantity (last 50 years) Recent trend in quality (last 50 years)
Bulgaria Present 0.5 Decreasing Decreasing
Cyprus Present 0.01 Decreasing Stable
France mainland Present 45 Decreasing Decreasing
Greece (mainland and other islands) Present 68 Unknown Stable
Italy mainland Present 114 Decreasing Decreasing
Portugal mainland Present 51 Unknown Decreasing
Romania Present 5 Decreasing Decreasing
Spain mainland Present 909 Stable Stable
EU28 + Present or presence uncertain Current area of habitat (Km2) Recent trend in quantity (last 50 years) Recent trend in quality (last 50 years)
Montenegro Uncertain unknown Unknown Unknown

Extent of Occurrence, Area of Occupancy and habitat area

Extent of Occurrence (EOO) (Km2) Area of Occupancy (AOO) Current estimated Total Area Comment
EU28 5304250 3655 1125 Most of this habitat is in Italy and Spain
EU28+ 3662 1125
AOO = the area occupied by a habitat measured in number of 10x10 km grid cells.
EOO = the area (km2) of the envelope around all occurrences of a habitat (calculated by a minimum convex polygon).

Characteristic species

The full list of characteristic species and genus are available above from the Summary. The species available in the EUNIS database are shown here.
Flowering Plants Agrostis stolonifera
Flowering Plants Blackstonia perfoliata
Flowering Plants Carex mairii
Flowering Plants Cochlearia glastifolia
Flowering Plants Cochlearia megalosperma
Flowering Plants Cyperus eragrostis
Flowering Plants Dorycnium rectum
Flowering Plants Erica erigena
Flowering Plants Festuca fenas
Flowering Plants Galium debile
Flowering Plants Genista tinctoria
Flowering Plants Holoschoenus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Hypericum caprifolium
Flowering Plants Hypericum pubescens
Flowering Plants Hypericum tetrapterum
Flowering Plants Hypericum tomentosum
Flowering Plants Juncus striatus
Flowering Plants Linum tenue
Flowering Plants Lysimachia ephemerum
Flowering Plants Melilotus indicus
Flowering Plants Oenanthe pimpinelloides
Flowering Plants Peucedanum hispanicum
Flowering Plants Phalaris aquatica
Flowering Plants Prunella vulgaris
Flowering Plants Pulicaria dysenterica
Flowering Plants Ranunculus granatensis
Flowering Plants Schoenus nigricans
Flowering Plants Scirpus holoschoenus
Flowering Plants Senecio doria
Flowering Plants Serapias vomeracea
Flowering Plants Sonchus aquatilis
Flowering Plants Succisella andreae-molinae
Flowering Plants Thalictrum flavum
Flowering Plants Thalictrum speciosissimum
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Agrostis stolonifera Flowering Plants
Blackstonia perfoliata Flowering Plants
Carex mairii Flowering Plants
Cochlearia glastifolia Flowering Plants
Cochlearia megalosperma Flowering Plants
Cyperus eragrostis Flowering Plants
Dorycnium rectum Flowering Plants
Erica erigena Flowering Plants
Festuca fenas Flowering Plants
Galium debile Flowering Plants
Genista tinctoria Flowering Plants
Holoschoenus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Hypericum caprifolium Flowering Plants
Hypericum pubescens Flowering Plants
Hypericum tetrapterum Flowering Plants
Hypericum tomentosum Flowering Plants
Juncus striatus Flowering Plants
Linum tenue Flowering Plants
Lysimachia ephemerum Flowering Plants
Melilotus indicus Flowering Plants
Oenanthe pimpinelloides Flowering Plants
Peucedanum hispanicum Flowering Plants
Phalaris aquatica Flowering Plants
Prunella vulgaris Flowering Plants
Pulicaria dysenterica Flowering Plants
Ranunculus granatensis Flowering Plants
Schoenus nigricans Flowering Plants
Scirpus holoschoenus Flowering Plants
Senecio doria Flowering Plants
Serapias vomeracea Flowering Plants
Sonchus aquatilis Flowering Plants
Succisella andreae-molinae Flowering Plants
Thalictrum flavum Flowering Plants
Thalictrum speciosissimum Flowering Plants

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Other classifications

This habitat may be equivalent to, or broather than, or narrower than the habitats or ecosystems in the following typologies.
Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100