Vrachanski Balkan

Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code BG0000166)
  • Under Habitats Directive
  • Since March 2007
  • Country: Bulgaria
  • Administrative region: Severozapaden (BG31), Yugozapaden (BG41)
  • Surface area: 360 km2 (36025.56 ha)
  • Marine area: 0%
  • Located in Alpine and Continental biogeographical regions
  • It protects 38 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 24 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (38)
Species group Number
Amphibians 3
Fishes 4
Flowering Plants 1
Invertebrates 11
Mammals 16
Reptiles 3

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition -type vegetation 0.69
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation 172.67
6110 Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi 32.82
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) 2280.55
6240 Sub-Pannonic steppic grasslands 18.24
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 19.32
6520 Mountain hay meadows 1090.29
7220 Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) 8.11
8120 Calcareous and calcshist screes of the montane to alpine levels (Thlaspietea rotundifolii) 38.77
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 1606.2
8310 Caves not open to the public 0
9110 Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests 109.01
9130 Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests 519.14
9150 Medio-European limestone beech forests of the Cephalanthero-Fagion 1519.71
9170 Galio-Carpinetum oak-hornbeam forests 493.36
9180 Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines 622.93
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 1.2
91G0 Pannonic woods with Quercus petraea and Carpinus betulus 1094.31
91H0 Pannonian woods with Quercus pubescens 104.15
9530 (Sub-) Mediterranean pine forests with endemic black pines 0.44
91M0 Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oak –sessile oak forests 678.19
91W0 Moesian beech forests 490.28
91Z0 Moesian silver lime woods 18.59
91CA Rhodopide and Balkan Range Scots pine forests 0.21588

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Not under Birds directive
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
March 2007
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
December 2008
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) December 2020
Date of Standard data form update November 2021

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100