Alto Sil

Quick facts

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (111)
Species group Number
Birds 89
Fishes 2
Flowering Plants 5
Invertebrates 6
Mammals 7
Reptiles 2

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
3110 Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals of sandy plains (Littorelletalia uniflorae) 0.87
3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition -type vegetation 3.26
3160 Natural dystrophic lakes and ponds 1.45
3220 Alpine rivers and the herbaceous vegetation along their banks 57.48
3240 Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Salix elaeagnos 57.48
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation 6.22
4020 Temperate Atlantic wet heaths with Erica ciliaris and Erica tetralix 47.53
4030 European dry heaths 7698.83
4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths 866.47
4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse 164.64
5120 Mountain Cytisus purgans formations 1195.88
6160 Oro-Iberian Festuca indigesta grasslands 704.48
6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands 76.06
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) 20.43
6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe) 175.01
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 119.79
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 2401.65
7110 Active raised bogs 53.7
7140 Transition mires and quaking bogs 126.42
8130 Western Mediterranean and thermophilous scree 1659.24
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 27.2
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 89.73
8230 Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the Sedo-Scleranthion or of the Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii 963.63
9120 Atlantic acidophilous beech forests with Ilex and sometimes also Taxus in the shrublayer (Quercion robori-petraeae or Ilici-Fagenion) 102.95
9160 Sub-Atlantic and medio-European oak or oak-hornbeam forests of the Carpinion betuli 155.29
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 992.2
9230 Galicio-Portuguese oak woods with Quercus robur and Quercus pyrenaica 10470
9260 Castanea sativa woods 91.89
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests 44.38
9380 Forests of Ilex aquifolium 3.04
9580 Mediterranean Taxus baccata woods 1.52

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Under Birds directive
  • Date classified as Special Protection Area (SPA)
October 2000
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
January 1998
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
Not available
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) September 2015
Date of Standard data form update October 2015

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100