Macizo Central

Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code ES1130002)
  • Under Habitats Directive
  • Since December 1997
  • Country: Spain
  • Administrative region: Galicia (ES11)
  • Surface area: 470 km2 (46985.65 ha)
  • Marine area: 0%
  • Located in Atlantic and Mediterranean biogeographical regions
  • It protects 46 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 28 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (46)
Species group Number
Amphibians 1
Birds 29
Flowering Plants 5
Invertebrates 4
Mammals 4
Mosses & Liverworts 1
Reptiles 2

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
3160 Natural dystrophic lakes and ponds 2.74
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation 476.44
4020 Temperate Atlantic wet heaths with Erica ciliaris and Erica tetralix 343
4030 European dry heaths 21085.1
4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths 43.81
4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse 22.34
5230 Arborescent matorral with Laurus nobilis 7.6
6160 Oro-Iberian Festuca indigesta grasslands 11.75
6220 Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea 391.62
6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe) 648.77
6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae) 38.66
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 71.82
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 20.59
7110 Active raised bogs 336.33
7140 Transition mires and quaking bogs 3.03
7150 Depressions on peat substrates of the Rhynchosporion 8.59
8130 Western Mediterranean and thermophilous scree 388.61
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 377.85
8230 Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the Sedo-Scleranthion or of the Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii 10146.3
8310 Caves not open to the public 3.63
9180 Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines 2.47
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 94.11
9230 Galicio-Portuguese oak woods with Quercus robur and Quercus pyrenaica 2888.02
9260 Castanea sativa woods 496.44
92A0 Salix alba and Populus alba galleries 0.84
9330 Quercus suber forests 8.85
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests 105.02
9380 Forests of Ilex aquifolium 45.77

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Not under Birds directive
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
December 1997
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
December 2004
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) March 2014
Date of Standard data form update September 2019

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100