Parco Nazionale del Gran Paradiso

Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code IT1201000)
  • Under Birds Directive and Habitats Directive
  • Since October 1988
  • Country: Italy
  • Administrative region: Piemonte (ITC1), Valle d'Aosta/Vallée d'Aoste (ITC2)
  • Surface area: 710 km2 (71042.00 ha)
  • Marine area: 0%
  • Located in Alpine biogeographical region
  • It protects 41 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 36 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (41)
Species group Number
Birds 30
Ferns 1
Fishes 1
Flowering Plants 2
Invertebrates 1
Mammals 3
Mosses & Liverworts 3

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
3130 Oligotrophic to mesotrophic standing waters with vegetation of the Littorelletea uniflorae and/or of the Isoeto-Nanojuncetea 0.11
3220 Alpine rivers and the herbaceous vegetation along their banks 34.67
3230 Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Myricaria germanica 10.32
3240 Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Salix elaeagnos 1.74
4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths 1238.67
4080 Sub-Arctic Salix spp scrub 30
6110 Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi 0.5
6150 Siliceous alpine and boreal grasslands 6975.23
6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands 3453.67
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) 20
6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe) 5978.77
6240 Sub-Pannonic steppic grasslands 168.46
6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae) 2
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 359.58
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 0.5
6520 Mountain hay meadows 488.91
7110 Active raised bogs 0.01
7140 Transition mires and quaking bogs 3.32
7220 Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) 0.01
7230 Alkaline fens 16.18
7240 Alpine pioneer formations of the Caricion bicoloris-atrofuscae 6.16
8110 Siliceous scree of the montane to snow levels (Androsacetalia alpinae and Galeopsietalia ladani) 11909.7
8120 Calcareous and calcshist screes of the montane to alpine levels (Thlaspietea rotundifolii) 3566.35
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 3395.43
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 15199.7
8230 Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the Sedo-Scleranthion or of the Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii 2
8240 Limestone pavements 4.83
8340 Permanent glaciers 3165.7
9110 Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests 288.46
9130 Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests 60.46
9180 Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines 10
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 2
9260 Castanea sativa woods 239.48
9410 Acidophilous Picea forests of the montane to alpine levels (Vaccinio-Piceetea) 421.01
9420 Alpine Larix decidua and/or Pinus cembra forests 6893.83
9430 Subalpine and montane Pinus uncinata forests (* if on gypsum or limestone) 21.29

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Under Birds directive
  • Date classified as Special Protection Area (SPA)
October 1988
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
July 2001
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
Not available
Date of Standard data form update December 2019

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100