Iberian gypsum vegetation (Gypsophiletalia)

Description (English)

Garrigues occupying gypsum-rich soils of the Iberian peninsula, usually very open and floristically characterised by the presence of numerous gypsophilous species, among which Gypsophila struthium, Gypsophila hispanica, Centaurea hyssopifolia, Teucrium libanitis, Ononis tridentata, Lepidium subulatum, Herniaria fruticosa, Reseda stricta, Helianthemum squamatum. They are often rich in thymes (Thymus), germanders (Teucrium), rockroses (Helianthemum), composites (Centaurea, Jurinea, Santolina, Frankenia). Characteristic syntaxa are Lepidion subulati, Gypsophilion hispanicae and Thymo-Teucrion verticillati.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 1520)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Priority
Natura 2000 sites 150 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Centaurea hyssopifolia
Flowering Plants Gypsophila hispanica
Flowering Plants Gypsophila struthium
Flowering Plants Helianthemum squamatum
Flowering Plants Herniaria fruticosa
Flowering Plants Lepidium subulatum
Flowering Plants Ononis tridentata
Flowering Plants Reseda stricta
Flowering Plants Teucrium libanitis
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Centaurea hyssopifolia Flowering Plants
Gypsophila hispanica Flowering Plants
Gypsophila struthium Flowering Plants
Helianthemum squamatum Flowering Plants
Herniaria fruticosa Flowering Plants
Lepidium subulatum Flowering Plants
Ononis tridentata Flowering Plants
Reseda stricta Flowering Plants
Teucrium libanitis Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
CY6000006 Cyprus ETHNIKO DASIKO PARKO RIZOELIAS Map
ES0000022 Spain Aigüestortes Map
ES0000035 Spain Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Map
ES0000046 Spain Cabo de Gata-Níjar Map
ES0000047 Spain Desierto de Tabernas Map
ES0000063 Spain Sierra de Alcarama y Valle del Alhama Map
ES0000064 Spain Peñas de Iregua, Leza y Jubera Map
ES0000065 Spain Peñas de Arnedillo. Peñalmonte y Peña Isasa Map
ES0000136 Spain Estepas de Belchite - El Planerón - La Lomaza Map
ES0000159 Spain ZEPA hoces del Cabriel, Guadazaón y ojos de Moya Map
ES0000163 Spain Sierra de Altomira Map
ES0000164 Spain Sierra de Ayllón Map
ES0000170 Spain Área esteparia de La Mancha norte Map
ES0000173 Spain Sierra Espuña Map
ES0000174 Spain Sierra de la Pila Map
ES0000180 Spain Estepas de Monegrillo y Pina Map
ES0000181 Spain La Retuerta y Saladas de Sástago Map
ES0000182 Spain Valcuerna, Serreta Negra y Liberola Map
ES0000195 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES0000212 Spain Sierra de Martés-Muela de Cortes Map
ES0000257 Spain Sierras de Ricote y la Navela Map
ES0000262 Spain Sierras del Gigante-Pericay, Lomas del Buitre-Río Luchena y Sierra de la Torrecilla Map
ES0000265 Spain Sierra del Molino, Embalse del Quipar y Llanos del Cagitán Map
ES0000269 Spain Monte El Valle y Sierras de Altaona y Escalona Map
ES0000293 Spain Montes de Zuera, Castejón de Valdejasa y El Castellar Map
ES0000295 Spain Sierra de Alcubierre Map
ES0000298 Spain Matarraña - Aiguabarreix Map
ES0000299 Spain Desfiladeros del Río Jalón Map
ES0000300 Spain Río Huerva y Las Planas Map
ES0000303 Spain Desfiladeros del Río Martín Map
ES0000388 Spain Sierra de Alcaraz y Segura y cañones del Segura y del Mundo Map
ES0000389 Spain Rentos de Orchova y vertientes del Turia Map
ES0000449 Spain Alto Turia y Sierra del Negrete Map
ES0000453 Spain Muntanyes de la Marina Map
ES0000457 Spain Sierra de Salinas (ZEPA) Map
ES0000458 Spain Maigmó i Serres de la Foia de Castalla (ZEPA) Map
ES0000460 Spain Riu Montnegre Map
ES0000461 Spain Serres del Sud d'Alacant Map
ES0000466 Spain Penyagolosa (ZEPA) Map
ES0000472 Spain Hoces del Cabriel (ZEPA) Map
ES0000476 Spain Valls del Sió-Llobregós Map
ES0000477 Spain Bellmunt-Almenara Map
ES0000488 Spain ZEPA Sierra de Ayllón Map
ES0000539 Spain Montes de Alfajarín y Saso de Osera Map
ES2200031 Spain Yesos de la Ribera Estellesa Map
ES2200033 Spain Laguna del Juncal Map
ES2200035 Spain Tramos Bajos del Aragón y del Arga Map
ES2200037 Spain Bardenas Reales Map
ES2200041 Spain Balsa del Pulguer Map
ES2200042 Spain Peñadil, Montecillo y Monterrey Map
ES2410030 Spain Serreta Negra Map
ES2410069 Spain Sierra de Esdolomada y Morrones de Güel Map
ES2410074 Spain Yesos de Barbastro Map
ES2410076 Spain Sierras de Alcubierre y Sigena Map
ES2410084 Spain Liberola-Serreta Negra Map
ES2420092 Spain Barranco de Valdemesón - Azaila Map
ES2420093 Spain Salada de Azaila Map
ES2420099 Spain Sierra de Vizcuerno Map
ES2420112 Spain Las Planetas-Claverías Map
ES2420113 Spain Parque Cultural del Río Martín Map
ES2420114 Spain Saladas de Alcañiz Map
ES2420121 Spain Yesos de Barrachina y Cutanda Map
ES2420122 Spain Sabinar de El Villarejo Map
ES2420129 Spain Sierra de Javalambre II Map
ES2420131 Spain Los Yesares y Laguna de Tortajada Map
ES2420132 Spain Altos de Marimezquita, Los Pinarejos y Muela de Cascante Map
ES2420133 Spain Loma de Centellas Map
ES2430032 Spain El Planerón Map
ES2430033 Spain Efesa de La Villa Map
ES2430078 Spain Montes de Zuera Map
ES2430080 Spain El Castellar Map
ES2430082 Spain Monegros Map
ES2430083 Spain Montes de Alfajarín - Saso de Osera Map
ES2430086 Spain Monte Alto y Siete Cabezos Map
ES2430090 Spain Dehesa de Rueda - Montolar Map
ES2430091 Spain Planas y Estepas de La Margen derecha del Ebro Map
ES2430096 Spain Río Guadalope, Val de Fabara y Val de Pilas Map
ES2430097 Spain Río Matarranya Map
ES2430100 Spain Hoces del Jalón Map
ES2430101 Spain Muelas del Jiloca: El Campo y La Torreta Map
ES2430106 Spain Los Romerales - Cerropozuelo Map
ES2430153 Spain La Lomaza de Belchite Map
ES3110006 Spain Vegas, cuestas y páramos del sureste de Madrid Map
ES4140053 Spain Montes del Cerrato Map
ES4140129 Spain Montes Torozos y Páramos de Torquemada-Astudillo Map
ES4170055 Spain Cigudosa-San Felices Map
ES4170120 Spain Páramo de Layna Map
ES4180130 Spain El Carrascal Map
ES4210008 Spain Sierra de Alcaraz y Segura y cañones del Segura y del Mundo Map
ES4210011 Spain Saladares de Cordovilla y Agramón y laguna de Alboraj Map
ES4230001 Spain Rentos de Orchova y vertientes del Turia Map
ES4230002 Spain Sierras de Talayuelas y Aliaguilla Map
ES4230012 Spain Estepas yesosas de La Alcarria conquense Map
ES4230013 Spain Hoces del Cabriel, Guadazaón y ojos de Moya Map
ES4230014 Spain Serranía de Cuenca Map
ES4240009 Spain Valle del río Cañamares Map
ES4240018 Spain Sierra de Altomira Map
ES4240019 Spain Laderas yesosas de Tendilla Map
ES4250008 Spain Estepas salinas de Toledo Map
ES4250009 Spain Yesares del valle del Tajo Map
ES5110022 Spain Capçaleres del Foix Map
ES5110023 Spain Riera de Clariana Map
ES5130003 Spain Alt Pallars Map
ES5130014 Spain Aiguabarreig Segre-Noguera Pallaresa Map
ES5130015 Spain Serres del Montsec, Sant Mamet i Mitjana Map
ES5130016 Spain Valls del Sió-Llobregós Map
ES5130021 Spain Secans de la Noguera Map
ES5130025 Spain Bellmunt-Almenara Map
ES5130026 Spain Serra de Prada-Castellàs Map
ES5130032 Spain Vessants de la Noguera Ribagorçana Map
ES5140003 Spain Ribera de l'Algars Map
ES5140009 Spain Tivissa-Vandellòs-Llaberia Map
ES5140017 Spain Serra de Montsant-Pas de l'Ase Map
ES5212007 Spain Salero y Cabecicos de Villena Map
ES5212008 Spain Maigmó i Serres de la Foia de Castalla Map
ES5212009 Spain Algepsars de Finestrat Map
ES5213019 Spain Aitana, Serrella i Puigcampana Map
ES5213022 Spain Serra de Crevillent Map
ES5213039 Spain Sierra de Salinas Map
ES5223004 Spain Penyagolosa Map
ES5223005 Spain Alt Palància Map
ES5232006 Spain Alto Túria Map
ES5233010 Spain Hoces del Cabriel Map
ES5233011 Spain Sierras de Martés y el Ave Map
ES5233012 Spain Valle de Ayora y Sierra del Boquerón Map
ES5233040 Spain Muela de Cortes y el Caroche Map
ES6110002 Spain Karst en Yesos de Sorbas Map
ES6110004 Spain Sierra del Oso Map
ES6110005 Spain Sierra de Cabrera-Bédar Map
ES6110006 Spain Ramblas de Gérgal, Tabernas y Sur de Sierra Alhamilla Map
ES6110007 Spain La Serrata de Cabo de Gata Map
ES6110011 Spain Sierra del Alto de Almagro Map
ES6110012 Spain Sierras Almagrera, de Los Pinos y El Aguilón Map
ES6140010 Spain Sierra de Baza Norte Map
ES6200002 Spain Carrascoy y El Valle Map
ES6200003 Spain Sierra de La Pila Map
ES6200004 Spain Sierras y Vega Alta del Segura y Ríos Alhárabe y Moratalla Map
ES6200005 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES6200009 Spain Sierra de El Carche Map
ES6200019 Spain Sierra del Gavilán Map
ES6200020 Spain Casa Alta-Salinas Map
ES6200023 Spain Sierra de la Tercia Map
ES6200026 Spain Sierra de Ricote-La Navela Map
ES6200027 Spain Sierra de Abanilla Map
ES6200034 Spain Lomas del Buitre y Río Luchena Map
ES6200042 Spain Yesos de Ulea Map
ES6200043 Spain Río Quípar Map
ES6200045 Spain Río Mula y Pliego Map
ES6200046 Spain Sierra de En medio Map
ES6200047 Spain Sierra de la Torrecilla Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F6.71 Central Iberian gypsum scrubs wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F6.72 Ebro gypsum scrubs wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F6.7 Mediterranean gypsum scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F6.73 Southeastern Iberian gypsum scrubs wider
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