Cabo de Gata-Níjar

Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code ES0000046)
  • Under Birds Directive and Habitats Directive
  • Since October 1989
  • Country: Spain
  • Administrative region: Andalucía (ES61)
  • Surface area: 495 km2 (49512.20 ha)
  • Marine area: 24%
  • Located in Mediterranean and Marine Mediterranean biogeographical regions
  • It protects 98 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 23 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (98)
Species group Number
Birds 94
Flowering Plants 2
Mammals 1
Reptiles 1

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
1110 Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time 495.12
1120 Posidonia beds (Posidonion oceanicae) 495.12
1150 Coastal lagoons 275.1
1210 Annual vegetation of drift lines 76.26
1240 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Mediterranean coasts with endemic Limonium spp 163.33
1410 Mediterranean salt meadows (Juncetalia maritimi) 0.86
1420 Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic halophilous scrubs (Sarcocornetea fruticosi) 111.01
1430 Halo-nitrophilous scrubs (Pegano-Salsoletea) 294.5
1510 Mediterranean salt steppes (Limonietalia) 14.17
1520 Iberian gypsum vegetation (Gypsophiletalia) 153.48
2110 Embryonic shifting dunes 8.63
2210 Crucianellion maritimae fixed beach dunes 19.4
2230 Malcolmietalia dune grasslands 36.06
2260 Cisto-Lavenduletalia dune sclerophyllous scrubs 63.88
3250 Constantly flowing Mediterranean rivers with Glaucium flavum 4.42
5110 Stable xero-thermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes (Berberidion pp) 0.09
5220 Arborescent matorral with Zyziphus 4024.27
5330 Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub 8853.63
6220 Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea 7757.82
6420 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands of the Molinio-Holoschoenion 3.06
7220 Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) 0.002
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 18.26
92D0 Southern riparian galleries and thickets (Nerio-Tamaricetea and Securinegion tinctoriae) 75.72

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Under Birds directive
  • Date classified as Special Protection Area (SPA)
October 1989
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
January 2001
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
July 2006
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) September 2012
Date of Standard data form update February 2018

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100