Boreal Baltic sandy beaches with perennial vegetation

Description (English)

Sheltered to exposed gently sloping sand beaches influenced by wave action, but less influenced by tides than on the Atlantic coast, giving a higher representation of perennial plant species. Sand beaches along the Finnish and Swedish Baltic coast are relatively uncommon and usually small. Occasional stones or boulders may be scattered along the beach. The vegetation is often sparse and large areas of bare sand are common especially in the part closest to the shore. Sand-binding plants are common. The insect fauna on sand beaches is conspicuous. Drift belts of organic matter are often present.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 1640)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Boreal - Unfavourable-Bad
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 138 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status

Species mentioned in habitat description

Invertebrates Actebia praecox
Flowering Plants Ammophila arenaria
Invertebrates Apamea ophiogramma
Flowering Plants Atriplex littoralis
Flowering Plants Cakile maritima
Birds Calidris temminckii
Invertebrates Catoptria fulgidella
Birds Charadrius hiaticula
Flowering Plants Crambe maritima
Invertebrates Euxoa cursoria
Flowering Plants Honkenya peploides
Flowering Plants Leymus arenarius
Flowering Plants Salsola kali
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Actebia praecox Invertebrates
Ammophila arenaria Flowering Plants
Apamea ophiogramma Invertebrates
Atriplex littoralis Flowering Plants
Cakile maritima Flowering Plants
Calidris temminckii Temminck's Stint Birds
Catoptria fulgidella Invertebrates
Charadrius hiaticula Ringed Plover Birds
Crambe maritima Flowering Plants
Euxoa cursoria Invertebrates
Honkenya peploides Flowering Plants
Leymus arenarius Flowering Plants
Salsola kali Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
EE0010122 Estonia Laulasmaa Map
EE0010123 Estonia Türisalu Map
EE0010126 Estonia Prangli Map
EE0010127 Estonia Naissaare Map
EE0010132 Estonia Rannamõisa Map
EE0010140 Estonia Suurupi Map
EE0010171 Estonia Kolga lahe Map
EE0010173 Estonia Lahemaa Map
EE0010188 Estonia Aegna saare Map
EE0040002 Estonia Väinamere Map
EE0040113 Estonia Vanamõisa Map
EE0040118 Estonia Luidja Map
EE0040124 Estonia Tareste Map
EE0040133 Estonia Tahkuna Map
EE0040135 Estonia Kõpu Map
EE0040201 Estonia Nõva-Osmussaare Map
EE0040313 Estonia Kihnu Map
EE0040408 Estonia Järve Map
EE0040414 Estonia Karala-Pilguse Map
EE0040461 Estonia Riksu ranniku Map
EE0040462 Estonia Ruhnu Map
EE0040476 Estonia Tagamõisa Map
EE0040480 Estonia Teesu Map
EE0040490 Estonia Vesitükimaa Map
EE0070109 Estonia Pangametsa Map
EE0070110 Estonia Udria Map
FI0100005 Finland Tammisaaren ja Hangon saariston ja Pohjanpitäjänlahden merensuojelualue Map
FI0100006 Finland Tulliniemen linnustonsuojelualue Map
FI0100017 Finland Inkoon saaristo Map
FI0100026 Finland Kirkkonummen saaristo (SCI) Map
FI0100063 Finland Kallahden harju-, niitty- ja vesialueet Map
FI0100077 Finland Söderskärin ja Långörenin saaristo Map
FI0100078 Finland Pernajanlahtien ja Pernajan saariston merensuojelualue Map
FI0100080 Finland Källaudden-Virstholmen Map
FI0100105 Finland Kirkkonummen saaristo (SPA) Map
FI0200047 Finland Iniön saaret Map
FI0200062 Finland Ölmos-Purunpää Map
FI0200065 Finland Pakinaisten saaristo Map
FI0200072 Finland Uudenkaupungin saaristo Map
FI0200073 Finland Rauman saaristo Map
FI0200076 Finland Pooskerin saaristo Map
FI0200080 Finland Preiviikinlahti Map
FI0200090 Finland Saaristomeri Map
FI0200193 Finland Örö Map
FI0408001 Finland Itäisen Suomenlahden saaristo ja vedet Map
FI0416003 Finland Koukkusaari Map
FI0800132 Finland Luodon saaristo Map
FI0800133 Finland Uudenkaarlepyyn saaristo Map
FI0800134 Finland Kristiinankaupungin saaristo Map
FI0800135 Finland Närpiön saaristo Map
FI0800136 Finland Kokkolan saaristo (SCI) Map
FI1000017 Finland Vattajanniemi Map
FI1100201 Finland Hailuoto, pohjoisranta Map
FI1100202 Finland Kirkkosalmi Map
FI1100204 Finland Ojakylänlahti ja Kengänkari Map
FI1100601 Finland Iijoen suisto Map
FI1100602 Finland Röyttä Map
FI1102200 Finland Liminganlahti Map
FI1103400 Finland Olkijokisuu-Pattijoen pohjoishaara Map
FI1104201 Finland Parhalahti-Syölätinlahti ja Heinikarinlampi Map
FI1104203 Finland Sunin alue Map
FI1104600 Finland Raahen saaristo Map
FI1105202 Finland Siikajoen lintuvedet ja suot Map
FI1300301 Finland PERÄMEREN KANSALLIPUISTO Map
FI1300302 Finland Perämeren saaret Map
LV0200200 Latvia Kemeru nacionalais parks Map
LV0200300 Latvia Sliteres nacionalais parks Map
LV0302800 Latvia Engures ezers Map
LV0508600 Latvia Vidzemes akmenaina jurmala Map
LV0509100 Latvia Randu plavas Map
LV0521500 Latvia Ovisi Map
SE0110082 Sweden Reveln-Kolguskär Map
SE0110087 Sweden Villinge Boskapsö Map
SE0110158 Sweden Järflotta Map
SE0110211 Sweden Arsläjan Map
SE0210212 Sweden Billudden Map
SE0210220 Sweden Kallriga Map
SE0210286 Sweden Långsandsörarna Map
SE0220439 Sweden Askö Map
SE0330032 Sweden Örarevet Map
SE0330122 Sweden Trollskogen Map
SE0330126 Sweden Vållö Map
SE0330164 Sweden Rågö (Västerviks skärgård) Map
SE0330174 Sweden Sydöstra Ölands sjömarker Map
SE0330186 Sweden Björkö Map
SE0330263 Sweden Strömsrum Map
SE0340018 Sweden Ugnen Map
SE0340096 Sweden Norsholmen Map
SE0340104 Sweden Yttre Stockviken Map
SE0340105 Sweden Södra Grötlingboudd Map
SE0340107 Sweden Klinthagen Map
SE0340133 Sweden Mullvalds strandskog Map
SE0340161 Sweden Austerrum Map
SE0340162 Sweden Flisviken Map
SE0340165 Sweden Kronholmen Map
SE0340167 Sweden Lausvik Map
SE0340170 Sweden Petesvik Map
SE0410133 Sweden Tärnö-Yttre Ekö Map
SE0410163 Sweden Tärnö-Harö-Brorsö Map
SE0420274 Sweden Edenryd Map
SE0630094 Sweden Kuggörarna Map
SE0630166 Sweden Axmar-Gåsholma Map
SE0630170 Sweden Vitörarna Map
SE0630171 Sweden Gnarpskaten Map
SE0630172 Sweden Gnarps Masugn Map
SE0630173 Sweden Gran Map
SE0710054 Sweden Skuleskogen Map
SE0710056 Sweden Trysunda Map
SE0710057 Sweden Balesudden Map
SE0710152 Sweden Stornäset Map
SE0710166 Sweden Del av Bremön Map
SE0710169 Sweden Tolvösand Map
SE0710178 Sweden Salusanden Map
SE0710224 Sweden Indalsälvens delta Map
SE0810003 Sweden Snöanskärgården Map
SE0810009 Sweden Strömbäck-Kont Map
SE0810034 Sweden Bjuröklubb Map
SE0810035 Sweden Skötgrunnan Map
SE0810431 Sweden Storsand Map
SE0810441 Sweden Skallön Map
SE0810453 Sweden Killingsanden Map
SE0810456 Sweden Klubben-Rickleån Map
SE0810491 Sweden Umeälvens delta Map
SE0820004 Sweden Stor-Räbben Map
SE0820035 Sweden Rödkallen-SörÄspen Map
SE0820108 Sweden Haparanda skärgård Map
SE0820302 Sweden Granholmen Map
SE0820303 Sweden Likskär Map
SE0820305 Sweden Likskäret Map
SE0820306 Sweden Kluntarna Map
SE0820307 Sweden Norr-Äspen Map
SE0820310 Sweden Torne-Furö Map
SE0820320 Sweden Haparanda Sandskär Map
SE0820329 Sweden Patta Peken Map
SE0820629 Sweden Bondöfjärden Map
SE0820631 Sweden Vargön Map
SE0820704 Sweden Rånefjärden Map
SE0820724 Sweden Malören Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B1.121 Baltic sand beach annual communities wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B1.23 Boreo-arctic sand beach perennial communities overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B1.1 Sand beach driftlines overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B1.2 Sand beaches above the driftline overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B1.3 Shifting coastal dunes overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B1.33 Young boreo-arctic dunes overlap
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 4.1.3.1 Ammophila arenaria-Leymus arenarius -type overlap
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 4.2.1.5 Cakile maritima -type overlap
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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