Fennoscandian wooded meadows

Description (English)

A vegetation complex consisting of small copses of deciduous trees and shrubs and patches of open meadows. Ash (Fraxinus excelsior), birch (Betula pendula, B. pubescens) and Quercus robur, Tilia cordata, Ulmus glabra or Alnus incana are the common tree species. Nowadays very few areas are managed but traditionally these areas were managed by a combination of raking, hay-cutting, grazing of grassland and pollarding or lopping of trees. Species-rich vegetation complexes with rare and threatened meadow species and well developed epiphytic flora of mosses and lichens are characteristic. Many threatened species preferring old pollarded deciduous trees of semi-open habitats occur. The habitat type includes managed areas and overgrown areas with old pollarded or lopped deciduous trees. The type does not include abandoned meadows being invaded by trees.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 6530)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Boreal - Unfavourable-Bad
Continental - Unfavourable-Bad
Habitat type Priority
Natura 2000 sites 235 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Alnus incana
Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Flowering Plants Briza media
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Cypripedium calceolus
Flowering Plants Dactylorhiza fuchsii
Flowering Plants Festuca ovina
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Geranium sanguineum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum nummularium
Flowering Plants Listera ovata
Flowering Plants Malus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Orchis mascula
Flowering Plants Plantago lanceolata
Flowering Plants Polygala amarella
Flowering Plants Primula farinosa
Flowering Plants Primula veris
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Ranunculus ficaria
Flowering Plants Sorbus hybrida
Flowering Plants Tilia cordata
Flowering Plants Ulmus glabra
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alnus incana Flowering Plants
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Briza media Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Cypripedium calceolus Flowering Plants
Dactylorhiza fuchsii Flowering Plants
Festuca ovina Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Geranium sanguineum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum nummularium Flowering Plants
Listera ovata Flowering Plants
Malus sylvestris Flowering Plants
Orchis mascula Flowering Plants
Plantago lanceolata Flowering Plants
Polygala amarella Flowering Plants
Primula farinosa Flowering Plants
Primula veris Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Ranunculus ficaria Flowering Plants
Sorbus hybrida Flowering Plants
Tilia cordata Flowering Plants
Ulmus glabra Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
EE0010120 Estonia Pirita Map
EE0010127 Estonia Naissaare Map
EE0010129 Estonia Pakri Map
EE0010173 Estonia Lahemaa Map
EE0020301 Estonia Maidla-Iganõmme Map
EE0020302 Estonia Kohatu Map
EE0020303 Estonia Angasilla Map
EE0020304 Estonia Paeküla Map
EE0020306 Estonia Konuvere Map
EE0020307 Estonia Selja-Põdra Map
EE0020311 Estonia Pajaka-Vardi Map
EE0020312 Estonia Linnuraba Map
EE0020313 Estonia Jalase Map
EE0020314 Estonia Salavalge-Tõrasoo Map
EE0020316 Estonia Rabivere Map
EE0020317 Estonia Lümandu Map
EE0020322 Estonia Raikküla-Paka Map
EE0020324 Estonia Mahtra Map
EE0020325 Estonia Kõnnumaa Map
EE0020331 Estonia Sonni Map
EE0020332 Estonia Sulu Map
EE0020336 Estonia Kuusiku Map
EE0020408 Estonia Märjamaa järtade Map
EE0020409 Estonia Rangu Map
EE0020411 Estonia Vardi Map
EE0040002 Estonia Väinamere Map
EE0040123 Estonia Pihla-Kurisu Map
EE0040125 Estonia Vilivalla Map
EE0040126 Estonia Kuri-Hellamaa Map
EE0040127 Estonia Pühalepa Map
EE0040128 Estonia Kukka-Luhastu Map
EE0040135 Estonia Kõpu Map
EE0040203 Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma Map
EE0040204 Estonia Ehmja-Turvalepa Map
EE0040206 Estonia Poanse Map
EE0040207 Estonia Karuse-Linnuse Map
EE0040209 Estonia Käntu-Kastja Map
EE0040210 Estonia Luiste Map
EE0040211 Estonia Laiküla Map
EE0040213 Estonia Lihula Map
EE0040313 Estonia Kihnu Map
EE0040315 Estonia Lauaru Map
EE0040324 Estonia Lavassaare Map
EE0040326 Estonia Lindi Map
EE0040334 Estonia Nedrema Map
EE0040336 Estonia Nätsi-Võlla Map
EE0040341 Estonia Paadrema Map
EE0040345 Estonia Pärnu jõe Map
EE0040349 Estonia Raespa Map
EE0040351 Estonia Luitemaa Map
EE0040365 Estonia Vahenurme Map
EE0040369 Estonia Sookuninga Map
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EE0040418 Estonia Kasti lahe Map
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EE0040425 Estonia Koigi Map
EE0040427 Estonia Kasemetsa Map
EE0040428 Estonia Koorunõmme Map
EE0040429 Estonia Kotlandi Map
EE0040433 Estonia Kudjape Map
EE0040438 Estonia Liigalaskma-Orinõmme Map
EE0040440 Estonia Lindmetsa Map
EE0040441 Estonia Kaugatoma-Lõu Map
EE0040442 Estonia Mäe Map
EE0040443 Estonia Mullutu-Loode Map
EE0040445 Estonia Nässumaa Map
EE0040446 Estonia Nihatu Map
EE0040448 Estonia Odalätsi Map
EE0040458 Estonia Ranna-Põitse Map
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EE0060117 Estonia Türi-Karjaküla Map
EE0060204 Estonia Mädapea Map
EE0060206 Estonia Lasila Map
EE0060207 Estonia Haavakannu Map
EE0060213 Estonia Padaoru Map
EE0060227 Estonia Vinni-Pajusti Map
EE0070111 Estonia Mäetaguse Map
EE0070112 Estonia Aseri Map
EE0070117 Estonia Atsalama Map
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EE0080172 Estonia Endla Map
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EE0080421 Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe luha Map
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Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 X09 Pasture woods (with a tree layer overlying pasture) narrower
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
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Denmark
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