Habitat Annex I Directive hierarchical view > Oro-Moesian acidophilous grasslands

Oro-Moesian acidophilous grasslands

Description (English)

Alpine and sub-alpine grasslands developed over crystalline rocks and other lime-deficient substrates or on decalcified soils at 1600 – 2900 m above sea level on high mountains of the Central Balkan Peninsula, including the Balkan Range, Rila, Pirin, Slavyanka, the Central Rhodopes, Ossogovska Planina, Belassitza. The communities are dominated by grasses such as Festuca paniculata, Bellardiochloa violacea, Festuca airoides, Calamagrostis arundinacea, Festuca nigrescens, and Agrostis capillaris. The Balkan endemics Festuca balcanica, F. riloensis, F. valida, Sesleria comosa and Carex bulgarica also occur in these communities.
Sub-types:
36.391 Oro-Moesian Festuca paniculata grasslands
36.3921 Oro-Moesian Festuca valida grasslands
36.3922 Balkan Festuca balcanica grasslands
36.393 Oro-Moesian Poa violacea grasslands
36.3941 Oro-Moesian criiked sedge grasslands
36.39421 Rhodopide Festuca riloensis grasslands
36.3943 Oro-Moesian Festuca airoides grasslands
36.3944 Oro-Moesian Sesleria comosa grasslands
36.3945 Oro-Moesian Agrostis rupestris grasslands

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 62D0)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Continental - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 18 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Agrostis capillaris
Flowering Plants Agrostis rupestris
Flowering Plants Bellardiochloa violacea
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis arundinacea
Flowering Plants Festuca airoides
Flowering Plants Festuca balcanica
Flowering Plants Festuca nigrescens
Flowering Plants Festuca paniculata
Flowering Plants Festuca riloensis
Flowering Plants Festuca valida
Flowering Plants Gentiana lutea
Flowering Plants Gentiana punctata
Flowering Plants Lilium jankae
Flowering Plants Poa violacea
Flowering Plants Primula deorum
Flowering Plants Sesleria comosa
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Agrostis capillaris Flowering Plants
Agrostis rupestris Flowering Plants
Bellardiochloa violacea Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis arundinacea Flowering Plants
Festuca airoides Flowering Plants
Festuca balcanica Flowering Plants
Festuca nigrescens Flowering Plants
Festuca paniculata Flowering Plants
Festuca riloensis Flowering Plants
Festuca valida Flowering Plants
Gentiana lutea Flowering Plants
Gentiana punctata Flowering Plants
Lilium jankae Flowering Plants
Poa violacea Flowering Plants
Primula deorum Flowering Plants
Sesleria comosa Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BG0000113 Bulgaria Vitosha Map
BG0000167 Bulgaria Belasitsa Map
BG0000209 Bulgaria Pirin Map
BG0000366 Bulgaria Kresna - Ilindentsi Map
BG0000372 Bulgaria Tsigansko gradishte Map
BG0000494 Bulgaria Tsentralen Balkan Map
BG0000495 Bulgaria Rila Map
BG0000496 Bulgaria Rilski manastir Map
BG0001011 Bulgaria Osogovska planina Map
BG0001030 Bulgaria Rodopi - Zapadni Map
BG0001031 Bulgaria Rodopi - Sredni Map
BG0001032 Bulgaria Rodopi - Iztochni Map
BG0001040 Bulgaria Zapadna Stara planina i Predbalkan Map
BG0001043 Bulgaria Etropole - Baylovo Map
BG0001386 Bulgaria Yadenitsa Map
BG0001389 Bulgaria Sredna gora Map
BG0001493 Bulgaria Tsentralen Balkan - bufer Map
GR1150005 Greece GR1150005 KORYFES OROUS PANGAIO – PIGAIA NERA KEFALARIOU FILIPPON- SPILAIO ARKOUDOSPILIA Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E4.3944 Oro-Moesian Sesleria comosa grasslands wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E4.3922 Balkan Festuca balcanica grasslands wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E4.391 Oro-Moesian Festuca paniculata grasslands wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E4.3941 Oro-Moesian crooked sedge grasslands wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E4.393 Oro-Moesian Poa violacaea grasslands wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E4.3943 Oro-Moesian Festuca airoides grasslands wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E4.39421 Rhodopide Festuca riloensis grasslands wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E4.39 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grassland narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E4.3921 Oro-Moesian Festuca valida grasslands wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 E4.3945 Oro-Moesian Agrostis rupestris grasslands wider

Other resources

European Environment Agency (EEA)
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