Tsentralen Balkan

Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code BG0000494)
  • Under Birds Directive and Habitats Directive
  • Since March 2007
  • Country: Bulgaria
  • Administrative region: Severozapaden (BG31), Severen tsentralen (BG32), Yugoiztochen (BG34), Yugozapaden (BG41), Yuzhen tsentralen (BG42)
  • Surface area: 720 km2 (72021.07 ha)
  • Marine area: 0%
  • Located in Alpine biogeographical region
  • It protects 74 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 32 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (74)
Species group Number
Amphibians 2
Birds 39
Fishes 2
Flowering Plants 1
Invertebrates 8
Mammals 16
Mosses & Liverworts 4
Reptiles 2

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
3160 Natural dystrophic lakes and ponds 0.72021
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation 6.19
4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths 13279
4070 Bushes with Pinus mugo and Rhododendron hirsutum (Mugo-Rhododendretum hirsuti) 56.7
6110 Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi 30.38
6150 Siliceous alpine and boreal grasslands 1446.93
6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands 806.38
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) 145.19
6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe) 3156.67
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 217.33
6520 Mountain hay meadows 54.81
7140 Transition mires and quaking bogs 17.366
7220 Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) 46.89
8110 Siliceous scree of the montane to snow levels (Androsacetalia alpinae and Galeopsietalia ladani) 181.19
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 635.22
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 748.42
8230 Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the Sedo-Scleranthion or of the Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii 34.53
8310 Caves not open to the public 0
9110 Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests 598.03
9130 Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests 25388.8
9150 Medio-European limestone beech forests of the Cephalanthero-Fagion 1719.47
9170 Galio-Carpinetum oak-hornbeam forests 2579.51
9180 Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines 1309.08
9410 Acidophilous Picea forests of the montane to alpine levels (Vaccinio-Piceetea) 1684.15
9530 (Sub-) Mediterranean pine forests with endemic black pines 57.8
91M0 Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oak –sessile oak forests 0.46453
62D0 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grasslands 6303.87
91W0 Moesian beech forests 1660.24
91Z0 Moesian silver lime woods 3.77
91BA Moesian silver fir forests 1950.55
91CA Rhodopide and Balkan Range Scots pine forests 17.1
95A0 High oro-Mediterranean pine forests 128.87

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Under Birds directive
  • Date classified as Special Protection Area (SPA)
March 2007
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
March 2007
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
December 2008
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) March 2021
Date of Standard data form update November 2021

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100