Subcontinental riverine meadows

English name: Subcontinental riverine meadows

Description (English)

Meadows of the valleys of great rivers of continental or subcontinental climate regions of Central Europe, submitted to repeated inundation periods in the year, characteristic of the Elbe, the Saale, the Main valleys of Germany and Bohemia, occuring also in Moravia, Austria, Slovakia, Croatia and Serbia, with a disjunct outpost in the arid Rhine graben. They are usually dominated by Deschampsia cespitosa or Alopecurus pratensis, Poa palustris, Poa pratensis, Carex and Juncus species. Characteristic species include Cnidium dubium (Cnidium venosum), Viola persicifolia, Allium angulosum, Clematis integrifolia, Iris sibirica, Oenanthe lachenalii, Oenanthe silaifolia, Gratiola officinalis, Juncus atratus, Leucojum aestivum, Carex praecox var. suzae, Carex melanostachya, Serratula tinctoria, Lythrum virgatum. Because of universal river control schemes, these communities, dependent on natural or near natural flow regemes, are extremely threatened. Vegetation of alliance Cnidion venosi.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E3.43
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (E3.4)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Allium angulosum
Flowering Plants Alopecurus pratensis
Flowering Plants Carex melanostachya
Flowering Plants Clematis integrifolia
Flowering Plants Cnidium dubium
Flowering Plants Cnidium venosum
Flowering Plants Deschampsia cespitosa
Flowering Plants Gratiola officinalis
Flowering Plants Iris sibirica
Flowering Plants Juncus atratus
Flowering Plants Leucojum aestivum
Flowering Plants Lythrum virgatum
Flowering Plants Oenanthe lachenalii
Flowering Plants Oenanthe silaifolia
Flowering Plants Poa palustris
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis
Flowering Plants Serratula tinctoria
Flowering Plants Viola persicifolia
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Allium angulosum Flowering Plants
Alopecurus pratensis Flowering Plants
Carex melanostachya Flowering Plants
Clematis integrifolia Flowering Plants
Cnidium dubium Flowering Plants
Cnidium venosum Flowering Plants
Deschampsia cespitosa Flowering Plants
Gratiola officinalis Flowering Plants
Iris sibirica Flowering Plants
Juncus atratus Flowering Plants
Leucojum aestivum Flowering Plants
Lythrum virgatum Flowering Plants
Oenanthe lachenalii Flowering Plants
Oenanthe silaifolia Flowering Plants
Poa palustris Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants
Serratula tinctoria Flowering Plants
Viola persicifolia Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 37.23 Subcontinental riverine meadows source
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Biotopes of the Czech Republic 2001 T1.7 KONTINENTÁLNÍ ZAPLAVOVANÉ LOUKY (Continental inundated meadows) same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.43 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.43 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E3.43 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E3.43 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E3.44 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E2.47 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.23 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.23 Subcontinental riverine meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.23   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.23   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.23   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.23   same
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