Alpic mountain hay meadows

English name: Alpic mountain hay meadows

Description (English)

Species-rich mesophile hay meadows of the montane and subalpine levels (mostly above 600 metres) of the Western Alps and neighbouring mountains (the greater Hercynian ranges, Carpathians, the Dinarides) on fresh, neutral to moderately acid or moderately basic soils, cut one to three times per year. Usually dominated by Trisetum flavescens and with Alchemilla spp., Anthoxanthum odoratum, Astrantia major, Campanula glomerata, Carum carvi, Centaurea nemoralis, Crepis spp., Crocus albiflorus, Geranium spp., Heracleum sphondylium, Chaerophyllum hirsutum, Lilium bulbiferum, Malva moschata, Muscari botryoides, Narcissus poeticus, Phyteuma spp., Pimpinella major, Polygonum bistorta, Primula elatior, Salvia pratensis, Silene spp., Thlaspi caerulescens, Trollius europaeus, Valeriana repens, Viola spp. and many others. In the Carpathians they are represented by the alliance Polygono-Trisetion with many endemic taxa.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E2.31
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (E2.3)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Astrantia major
Flowering Plants Campanula glomerata
Flowering Plants Carum carvi
Flowering Plants Centaurea nemoralis
Flowering Plants Chaerophyllum hirsutum
Flowering Plants Heracleum sphondylium
Flowering Plants Lilium bulbiferum
Flowering Plants Malva moschata
Flowering Plants Muscari botryoides
Flowering Plants Narcissus poeticus
Flowering Plants Pimpinella major
Flowering Plants Polygonum bistorta
Flowering Plants Primula elatior
Flowering Plants Salvia pratensis
Flowering Plants Thlaspi caerulescens
Flowering Plants Trisetum flavescens
Flowering Plants Trollius europaeus
Flowering Plants Valeriana repens
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Astrantia major Flowering Plants
Campanula glomerata Flowering Plants
Carum carvi Flowering Plants
Centaurea nemoralis Flowering Plants
Chaerophyllum hirsutum Flowering Plants
Heracleum sphondylium Flowering Plants
Lilium bulbiferum Flowering Plants
Malva moschata Flowering Plants
Muscari botryoides Flowering Plants
Narcissus poeticus Flowering Plants
Pimpinella major Flowering Plants
Polygonum bistorta Flowering Plants
Primula elatior Flowering Plants
Salvia pratensis Flowering Plants
Thlaspi caerulescens Flowering Plants
Trisetum flavescens Flowering Plants
Trollius europaeus Flowering Plants
Valeriana repens Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 38.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows source
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 4.5.2 Prairie de fauche de montagne wider
Biotopes of the Czech Republic 2001 T1.2 HORSKÉ TROJŠTĚTOVÉ LOUKY (Montane Trisetum meadows) narrower
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E2.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E2.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E2.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E2.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E2.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E3.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 38.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 38.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 38.31   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 38.31   same
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