EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > N - Coastal habitats > N1 - Coastal dunes and sandy shores > N17 - Black Sea coastal dune grassland (grey dune)

Black Sea coastal dune grassland (grey dune)

Description (English)

Dune grassland on stabilised or semi-stabilised coastal sands around the Black Sea, mostly on the western and north-western stretches and now only very locally. The dunes are best developed on broader flatter shores, and the ridges can vary in height from just a few metres to over 50 m, with moist depressions between. The flora is variable with a shift from the Mediterranean to Pontic regions moving northwards, with many regional endemic plant species among its grasses and herbs. Perennials predominate, but there can be striking contingents of annuals on more mobile stretches of sand on the ridges. Mosses and lichens can be extensive on north-facing, less sunny slopes.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code N17
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Centaurea odessana
Flowering Plants Leymus racemosus
Flowering Plants Carex colchica
Flowering Plants Secale sylvestre
Flowering Plants Linaria genistifolia
Flowering Plants Crambe maritima
Flowering Plants Alyssum hirsutum
Flowering Plants Jurinea kilaea
Flowering Plants Seseli tortuosum
Flowering Plants Agropyron cimmericum
Flowering Plants Silene subconica
Flowering Plants Lepidotrichum uechtritzianum
Flowering Plants Artemisia arenaria
Flowering Plants Silene euxina
Flowering Plants Festuca beckeri
Flowering Plants Centaurea arenaria
Flowering Plants Silene thymifolia
Flowering Plants Plantago arenaria

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Centaurea odessana Flowering Plants
Leymus racemosus Flowering Plants
Carex colchica Flowering Plants
Secale sylvestre Flowering Plants
Linaria genistifolia Flowering Plants
Crambe maritima Flowering Plants
Alyssum hirsutum Flowering Plants
Jurinea kilaea Flowering Plants
Seseli tortuosum Flowering Plants
Agropyron cimmericum Flowering Plants
Silene subconica Flowering Plants
Lepidotrichum uechtritzianum Flowering Plants
Artemisia arenaria Flowering Plants
Silene euxina Flowering Plants
Festuca beckeri Flowering Plants
Centaurea arenaria Flowering Plants
Silene thymifolia Flowering Plants
Plantago arenaria Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Leymus racemosus
Flowering Plants Carex colchica
Flowering Plants Linaria genistifolia
Flowering Plants Crambe maritima
Flowering Plants Centaurea odessana
Flowering Plants Eryngium maritimum
Flowering Plants Secale sylvestre
Flowering Plants Seseli tortuosum
Flowering Plants Anisantha tectorum
Flowering Plants Teucrium polium
Mosses & Liverworts Syntrichia ruralis
Flowering Plants Medicago falcata
Flowering Plants Artemisia campestris
Flowering Plants Artemisia arenaria
Flowering Plants Alyssum hirsutum
Flowering Plants Eryngium campestre
Flowering Plants Festuca beckeri
Flowering Plants Lactuca tatarica
Flowering Plants Chondrilla juncea

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Leymus racemosus Flowering Plants
Carex colchica Flowering Plants
Linaria genistifolia Flowering Plants
Crambe maritima Flowering Plants
Centaurea odessana Flowering Plants
Eryngium maritimum Flowering Plants
Secale sylvestre Flowering Plants
Seseli tortuosum Flowering Plants
Anisantha tectorum Flowering Plants
Teucrium polium Flowering Plants
Syntrichia ruralis Mosses & Liverworts
Medicago falcata Flowering Plants
Artemisia campestris Flowering Plants
Artemisia arenaria Flowering Plants
Alyssum hirsutum Flowering Plants
Eryngium campestre Flowering Plants
Festuca beckeri Flowering Plants
Lactuca tatarica Flowering Plants
Chondrilla juncea Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Carex colchica
Flowering Plants Leymus racemosus

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carex colchica Flowering Plants
Leymus racemosus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.4 Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.4 Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.4 Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.4 Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B1.4 Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B5.32 Grey dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.22 Grey dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.22 Grey dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.22   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.22   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.22   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.22   same
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