Continental dry grassland (true steppe)

Description (English)

Steppe and steppe-like grassland on mostly base-rich soils over limestones, of varying depth and stoniness, occurring through the lowland to submontane belts of continental Europe. Dominated by plants adapted to long periods of summer drought, mostly tall tussock grasses and perennial forbs, it shows wide variation in species composition and particular topographic location across the substantial range. In more extreme situations, the grasslands are natural, but they often sustain extensive grazing.
Remark: This habitat also includes many dry grasslands that are not

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1B
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Festuca valesiaca
Flowering Plants Stipa capillata
Flowering Plants Bothriochloa ischaemum
Flowering Plants Medicago falcata
Flowering Plants Salvia nemorosa
Flowering Plants Artemisia austriaca
Flowering Plants Eryngium campestre
Flowering Plants Verbascum phoeniceum
Flowering Plants Galatella villosa
Flowering Plants Centaurea stoebe
Flowering Plants Potentilla argentea
Flowering Plants Falcaria vulgaris
Flowering Plants Nonea pulla
Flowering Plants Taraxacum serotinum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca valesiaca Flowering Plants
Stipa capillata Flowering Plants
Bothriochloa ischaemum Flowering Plants
Medicago falcata Flowering Plants
Salvia nemorosa Flowering Plants
Artemisia austriaca Flowering Plants
Eryngium campestre Flowering Plants
Verbascum phoeniceum Flowering Plants
Galatella villosa Flowering Plants
Centaurea stoebe Flowering Plants
Potentilla argentea Flowering Plants
Falcaria vulgaris Flowering Plants
Nonea pulla Flowering Plants
Taraxacum serotinum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Festuca valesiaca
Flowering Plants Eryngium campestre
Flowering Plants Medicago falcata
Flowering Plants Stipa capillata
Flowering Plants Bothriochloa ischaemum
Flowering Plants Galium verum
Flowering Plants Artemisia austriaca
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis
Flowering Plants Plantago lanceolata
Flowering Plants Potentilla argentea
Flowering Plants Poa bulbosa
Flowering Plants Euphorbia cyparissias
Flowering Plants Centaurea stoebe
Flowering Plants Thymus pulegioides
Flowering Plants Achillea millefolium
Flowering Plants Asperula cynanchica
Flowering Plants Koeleria pyramidata
Flowering Plants Koeleria macrantha
Flowering Plants Falcaria vulgaris

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca valesiaca Flowering Plants
Eryngium campestre Flowering Plants
Medicago falcata Flowering Plants
Stipa capillata Flowering Plants
Bothriochloa ischaemum Flowering Plants
Galium verum Flowering Plants
Artemisia austriaca Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants
Plantago lanceolata Flowering Plants
Potentilla argentea Flowering Plants
Poa bulbosa Flowering Plants
Euphorbia cyparissias Flowering Plants
Centaurea stoebe Flowering Plants
Thymus pulegioides Flowering Plants
Achillea millefolium Flowering Plants
Asperula cynanchica Flowering Plants
Koeleria pyramidata Flowering Plants
Koeleria macrantha Flowering Plants
Falcaria vulgaris Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Festuca valesiaca
Flowering Plants Bothriochloa ischaemum
Flowering Plants Stipa capillata

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca valesiaca Flowering Plants
Bothriochloa ischaemum Flowering Plants
Stipa capillata Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes narrower
European Red List of Habitats E1.2b Continental dry steppe same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.11 Perennial calcareous grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.3 Dense perennial grasslands and middle European steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.9 Continental steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.A Sand steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.9 Continental steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.A Sand steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.3 Dense perennial grasslands and middle European steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.3   narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.3   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.3   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.3   narrower
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