EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > R - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > R1 - Dry grasslands > R1K - Balkan and Anatolian oromediterranean dry grassland

Balkan and Anatolian oromediterranean dry grassland

Description (English)

Closed grassland of deeper acid soils occurring over various bedrocks above the tree line in Greece and Anatolia. It is found on high mountain slopes and depressions where snow accumulates and provides springtime irrigation with melt-water. The vegetation is species-rich, but the dominants and associates vary from place to place. It provides valuable summer grazing for traditional pastoralism.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1K
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Herniaria parnassica
Flowering Plants Lotus stenodon
Flowering Plants Campanula tymphaea
Flowering Plants Dianthus viscidus
Flowering Plants Luzula pindica
Flowering Plants Campanula radicosa
Flowering Plants Plantago atrata
Flowering Plants Silene roemeri
Flowering Plants Crocus sieberi
Flowering Plants Dianthus tymphresteus
Flowering Plants Phleum alpinum
Flowering Plants Thesium parnassi
Flowering Plants Edraianthus parnassicus
Flowering Plants Poa trichopoda
Flowering Plants Campanula spatulata
Flowering Plants Bellardiochloa variegata
Flowering Plants Crocus veluchensis

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Herniaria parnassica Flowering Plants
Lotus stenodon Flowering Plants
Campanula tymphaea Flowering Plants
Dianthus viscidus Flowering Plants
Luzula pindica Flowering Plants
Campanula radicosa Flowering Plants
Plantago atrata Flowering Plants
Silene roemeri Flowering Plants
Crocus sieberi Flowering Plants
Dianthus tymphresteus Flowering Plants
Phleum alpinum Flowering Plants
Thesium parnassi Flowering Plants
Edraianthus parnassicus Flowering Plants
Poa trichopoda Flowering Plants
Campanula spatulata Flowering Plants
Bellardiochloa variegata Flowering Plants
Crocus veluchensis Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Herniaria parnassica
Flowering Plants Phleum alpinum
Flowering Plants Plantago atrata
Flowering Plants Lotus stenodon
Flowering Plants Thymus longicaulis
Flowering Plants Dianthus viscidus
Flowering Plants Campanula tymphaea
Flowering Plants Poa alpina
Flowering Plants Luzula pindica
Flowering Plants Campanula spatulata
Flowering Plants Bellardiochloa variegata
Flowering Plants Trifolium repens
Flowering Plants Scleranthus perennis
Flowering Plants Rumex acetosella
Flowering Plants Plantago holosteum
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Herniaria parnassica Flowering Plants
Phleum alpinum Flowering Plants
Plantago atrata Flowering Plants
Lotus stenodon Flowering Plants
Thymus longicaulis Flowering Plants
Dianthus viscidus Flowering Plants
Campanula tymphaea Flowering Plants
Poa alpina Flowering Plants
Luzula pindica Flowering Plants
Campanula spatulata Flowering Plants
Bellardiochloa variegata Flowering Plants
Trifolium repens Flowering Plants
Scleranthus perennis Flowering Plants
Rumex acetosella Flowering Plants
Plantago holosteum Flowering Plants
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Plantago atrata
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta
Flowering Plants Plantago holosteum
Flowering Plants Phleum alpinum
Flowering Plants Trifolium heldreichianum
Flowering Plants Thymus longicaulis
Flowering Plants Festuca varia

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Plantago atrata Flowering Plants
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Plantago holosteum Flowering Plants
Phleum alpinum Flowering Plants
Trifolium heldreichianum Flowering Plants
Thymus longicaulis Flowering Plants
Festuca varia Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.8 Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.55 Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.5 Mediterranean-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.8 Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.55 Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.8 Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.55 Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.55 Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.8 Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.8 Mediterranean dry acid and neutral grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.55 Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grasslands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.16 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.165 Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.7 Mediterraneo-montane grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.75 Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.75 Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.7 Mediterraneo-montane grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.75   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.7   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.7   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.75   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.75   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.7   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100