Temperate acidophilous alpine grassland

Description (English)

Grassland and dwarf chamaephyte vegetation on skeletal and shallow soils over predominantly siliceous bedrocks in the alpine belt throughout the temperate mountains of Europe, typical of the highest summits and ridges, often very exposed to strong winds and largely blown clear of snow in the winter.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R43
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Trifolium alpinum
Flowering Plants Potentilla aurea
Flowering Plants Geum montanum
Flowering Plants Carex curvula
Flowering Plants Agrostis rupestris
Flowering Plants Poa alpina
Flowering Plants Veronica bellidioides
Flowering Plants Festuca airoides
Flowering Plants Euphrasia minima
Flowering Plants Gentiana acaulis
Flowering Plants Campanula scheuchzeri
Flowering Plants Hieracium alpinum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Trifolium alpinum Flowering Plants
Potentilla aurea Flowering Plants
Geum montanum Flowering Plants
Carex curvula Flowering Plants
Agrostis rupestris Flowering Plants
Poa alpina Flowering Plants
Veronica bellidioides Flowering Plants
Festuca airoides Flowering Plants
Euphrasia minima Flowering Plants
Gentiana acaulis Flowering Plants
Campanula scheuchzeri Flowering Plants
Hieracium alpinum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta
Flowering Plants Poa alpina
Flowering Plants Potentilla aurea
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Geum montanum
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Homogyne alpina
Flowering Plants Agrostis rupestris
Flowering Plants Campanula scheuchzeri
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Carex sempervirens
Flowering Plants Trifolium alpinum
Flowering Plants Luzula spicata
Flowering Plants Juncus trifidus
Flowering Plants Ligusticum mutellina
Flowering Plants Phleum alpinum
Flowering Plants Euphrasia minima

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Poa alpina Flowering Plants
Potentilla aurea Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Geum montanum Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Homogyne alpina Flowering Plants
Agrostis rupestris Flowering Plants
Campanula scheuchzeri Flowering Plants
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Carex sempervirens Flowering Plants
Trifolium alpinum Flowering Plants
Luzula spicata Flowering Plants
Juncus trifidus Flowering Plants
Ligusticum mutellina Flowering Plants
Phleum alpinum Flowering Plants
Euphrasia minima Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta
Flowering Plants Carex curvula
Flowering Plants Festuca eskia

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Carex curvula Flowering Plants
Festuca eskia Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E4.3 Acid alpine and subalpine grassland narrower
European Red List of Habitats E4.3b Temperate acidophilous alpine grassland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E4.3 Acid alpine and subalpine grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E4.3 Acid alpine and subalpine grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E4.3 Acid alpine and subalpine grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E4.3 Acid alpine and subalpine grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E4.2 Acid alpine and subalpine grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E4.2 Boreal and alpine acid grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 36.3 Boreo-Alpic acidophilous alpine grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 36.3 Boreo-Alpic acidophilous alpine grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 36.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 36.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 36.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 36.3   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100