EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > R - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > R4 - Alpine and subalpine grasslands > R45 - Alpine and subalpine calcareous grassland of the Balkans and Apennines

Alpine and subalpine calcareous grassland of the Balkans and Apennines

Description (English)

Grass-dominated vegetation of base-rich soils in the high mountains in the Balkans and Apennines including both primary vegetation above the tree line but also secondary grasslands maintained by grazing at lower altitudes.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R45
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Carex kitaibeliana
Flowering Plants Edraianthus graminifolius
Flowering Plants Sesleria juncifolia
Flowering Plants Trinia dalechampii
Flowering Plants Scabiosa silenifolia
Flowering Plants Asyneuma limonifolium
Flowering Plants Sesleria nitida
Flowering Plants Pedicularis brachyodonta
Flowering Plants Achillea ageratifolia
Flowering Plants Helianthemum alpestre
Flowering Plants Dianthus haematocalyx
Flowering Plants Anthyllis aurea
Flowering Plants Globularia meridionalis
Flowering Plants Pedicularis elegans
Flowering Plants Euphrasia dinarica
Flowering Plants Paronychia macedonica
Flowering Plants Minuartia verna
Flowering Plants Androsace villosa

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carex kitaibeliana Flowering Plants
Edraianthus graminifolius Flowering Plants
Sesleria juncifolia Flowering Plants
Trinia dalechampii Flowering Plants
Scabiosa silenifolia Flowering Plants
Asyneuma limonifolium Flowering Plants
Sesleria nitida Flowering Plants
Pedicularis brachyodonta Flowering Plants
Achillea ageratifolia Flowering Plants
Helianthemum alpestre Flowering Plants
Dianthus haematocalyx Flowering Plants
Anthyllis aurea Flowering Plants
Globularia meridionalis Flowering Plants
Pedicularis elegans Flowering Plants
Euphrasia dinarica Flowering Plants
Paronychia macedonica Flowering Plants
Minuartia verna Flowering Plants
Androsace villosa Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Carex kitaibeliana
Flowering Plants Anthyllis vulneraria
Flowering Plants Thymus praecox
Flowering Plants Sesleria juncifolia
Flowering Plants Minuartia verna
Flowering Plants Edraianthus graminifolius
Flowering Plants Helianthemum canum
Flowering Plants Clinopodium alpinum
Flowering Plants Teucrium montanum
Flowering Plants Poa alpina
Flowering Plants Helianthemum alpestre
Flowering Plants Dianthus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Flowering Plants Gentiana verna
Flowering Plants Asperula aristata
Flowering Plants Saxifraga paniculata
Flowering Plants Helianthemum nummularium
Flowering Plants Asyneuma limonifolium
Flowering Plants Koeleria lobata
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. nana

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carex kitaibeliana Flowering Plants
Anthyllis vulneraria Flowering Plants
Thymus praecox Flowering Plants
Sesleria juncifolia Flowering Plants
Minuartia verna Flowering Plants
Edraianthus graminifolius Flowering Plants
Helianthemum canum Flowering Plants
Clinopodium alpinum Flowering Plants
Teucrium montanum Flowering Plants
Poa alpina Flowering Plants
Helianthemum alpestre Flowering Plants
Dianthus sylvestris Flowering Plants
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Gentiana verna Flowering Plants
Asperula aristata Flowering Plants
Saxifraga paniculata Flowering Plants
Helianthemum nummularium Flowering Plants
Asyneuma limonifolium Flowering Plants
Koeleria lobata Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. nana Conifers
Flowering Plants Sesleria juncifolia
Flowering Plants Carex kitaibeliana
Flowering Plants Sesleria nitida

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Sesleria juncifolia Flowering Plants
Carex kitaibeliana Flowering Plants
Sesleria nitida Flowering Plants

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E4.4 Calcareous alpine and subalpine grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E4.4 Calciphilous alpine and subalpine grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E4.4 Calciphilous alpine and subalpine grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E4.4 Calciphilous alpine and subalpine grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E4.3 Calciphilous alpine and subalpine grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E4.3 Calciphilous alpine grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 36.4 Boreo-Alpic calciphilous alpine grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 36.4 Boreo-Alpic calciphilous alpine grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 36.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 36.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 36.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 36.4   same
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