Continental inland salt steppe

Description (English)

Salt steppe of the Pannonian and Pontic regions, characteristic of solonetz soils, saturated, even shallow flooded, by soluble carbonates in spring, then drying in summer with surface cracking. According to variations in salinity, slope and erosion by spring floods, the vegetation is a complex mosaic of grasslands and more halophytic herb communities, rich in endemic species and plant communities. Traditionally part of the pastoral landscape of older breeds of cattle.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R62
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Camphorosma annua
Flowering Plants Artemisia santonicum
Flowering Plants Limonium gmelinii
Flowering Plants Puccinellia distans
Flowering Plants Trifolium angulatum
Flowering Plants Podospermum canum
Flowering Plants Plantago tenuiflora
Flowering Plants Lepidium cartilagineum
Flowering Plants Pholiurus pannonicus
Flowering Plants Trifolium retusum
Flowering Plants Plantago schwarzenbergiana

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Camphorosma annua Flowering Plants
Artemisia santonicum Flowering Plants
Limonium gmelinii Flowering Plants
Puccinellia distans Flowering Plants
Trifolium angulatum Flowering Plants
Podospermum canum Flowering Plants
Plantago tenuiflora Flowering Plants
Lepidium cartilagineum Flowering Plants
Pholiurus pannonicus Flowering Plants
Trifolium retusum Flowering Plants
Plantago schwarzenbergiana Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Artemisia santonicum
Flowering Plants Puccinellia distans
Flowering Plants Festuca valesiaca
Flowering Plants Limonium gmelinii
Flowering Plants Camphorosma annua
Flowering Plants Poa bulbosa
Flowering Plants Suaeda maritima
Flowering Plants Polygonum aviculare
Flowering Plants Podospermum canum
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima
Flowering Plants Tripolium pannonicum
Flowering Plants Elytrigia repens
Flowering Plants Matricaria chamomilla
Flowering Plants Cynodon dactylon
Flowering Plants Plantago tenuiflora
Flowering Plants Lepidium ruderale

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Artemisia santonicum Flowering Plants
Puccinellia distans Flowering Plants
Festuca valesiaca Flowering Plants
Limonium gmelinii Flowering Plants
Camphorosma annua Flowering Plants
Poa bulbosa Flowering Plants
Suaeda maritima Flowering Plants
Polygonum aviculare Flowering Plants
Podospermum canum Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima Flowering Plants
Tripolium pannonicum Flowering Plants
Elytrigia repens Flowering Plants
Matricaria chamomilla Flowering Plants
Cynodon dactylon Flowering Plants
Plantago tenuiflora Flowering Plants
Lepidium ruderale Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Artemisia santonicum
Flowering Plants Camphorosma annua
Flowering Plants Puccinellia distans
Flowering Plants Festuca valesiaca
Flowering Plants Suaeda maritima

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Artemisia santonicum Flowering Plants
Camphorosma annua Flowering Plants
Puccinellia distans Flowering Plants
Festuca valesiaca Flowering Plants
Suaeda maritima Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E6.2 Continental inland salt steppes same
European Red List of Habitats E6.2 Continental inland salt steppe same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E6.2 Continental inland salt steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E6.2 Continental inland saline grass and herb-dominated habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E6.2 Continental inland saline grass and herb-dominated habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E6.2 Continental inland saline grass and herb-dominated habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E6.2 Continental inland saline grasslands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B4.3 Inland salt steppes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 15.A Continental salt steppes and saltmarshes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 15.A Continental salt steppes and saltmarshes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 15.A   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 15.A   same
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