Pannonic salt steppes and salt marshes

Description (English)

Salt steppes, salt pans, saltmarshes and shallow salt lakes, which are highly influenced by pannonic climate with extreme temperatures and aridity in summer. The enrichment of salt in the soil is due to high evaporation of ground water during Summer. These habitat types are partly of natural origin and partly under distinct influence of cattle grazing.
The halophytic vegetation consists of plant communities on dry saltpans and steppes, humid salt meadows and annual plant communities of periodically flooded salt lakes with typical zonation.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 1530)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Black Sea - Poor
Continental - Poor
Pannonian - Poor
Steppic - Good
Habitat type Priority
Natura 2000 sites 181 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Good: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Poor: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Birds Acrocephalus melanopogon
Birds Ardea purpurea
Birds Aythya nyroca
Birds Botaurus stellaris
Birds Ixobrychus minutus
Birds Panurus biarmicus
Birds Platalea leucorodia
Birds Porzana parva
Flowering Plants Artemisia santonicum
Flowering Plants Aster tripolium
Flowering Plants Camphorosma annua
Flowering Plants Cyperus pannonicus
Flowering Plants Festuca pseudovina
Flowering Plants Juncus gerardi
Flowering Plants Lepidium crassifolium
Flowering Plants Pholiurus pannonicus
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima
Flowering Plants Plantago tenuiflora
Flowering Plants Puccinellia peisonis
Flowering Plants Salicornia prostrata
Flowering Plants Suaeda corniculata
Flowering Plants Suaeda pannonica
Invertebrates Callimorpha quadripunctaria
Invertebrates Helicopsis striata austriaca
Invertebrates Lycaena dispar
Mammals Microtus oeconomus mehelyi
Mammals Spermophilus citellus
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Acrocephalus melanopogon Moustached Warbler Birds
Ardea purpurea Purple Heron Birds
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck Birds
Botaurus stellaris Bittern Birds
Ixobrychus minutus Little Bittern Birds
Panurus biarmicus Bearded Tit Birds
Platalea leucorodia Spoonbill Birds
Porzana parva Little Crake Birds
Artemisia santonicum Flowering Plants
Aster tripolium Flowering Plants
Camphorosma annua Flowering Plants
Cyperus pannonicus Flowering Plants
Festuca pseudovina Flowering Plants
Juncus gerardi Flowering Plants
Lepidium crassifolium Flowering Plants
Pholiurus pannonicus Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima Flowering Plants
Plantago tenuiflora Flowering Plants
Puccinellia peisonis Flowering Plants
Salicornia prostrata Flowering Plants
Suaeda corniculata Flowering Plants
Suaeda pannonica Flowering Plants
Callimorpha quadripunctaria Jersey Tiger Invertebrates
Helicopsis striata austriaca Invertebrates
Lycaena dispar Large Copper Invertebrates
Microtus oeconomus mehelyi Mammals
Spermophilus citellus European souslik Mammals

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
AT1106218 Austria Siegendorfer Pußta und Heide Map
AT1110137 Austria Neusiedler See - Nordöstliches Leithagebirge Map
AT1202000 Austria March-Thaya-Auen Map
AT1206A00 Austria Weinviertler Klippenzone Map
BG0000151 Bulgaria Aytoska planina Map
BG0000192 Bulgaria Reka Tundzha 1 Map
BG0000195 Bulgaria Reka Tundzha 2 Map
BG0000196 Bulgaria Reka Mochuritsa Map
BG0000199 Bulgaria Tsibar Map
BG0000205 Bulgaria Straldzha Map
BG0000233 Bulgaria Studena reka Map
BG0000239 Bulgaria Obnova - Karaman dol Map
BG0000240 Bulgaria Studenets Map
BG0000247 Bulgaria Nikopolsko plato Map
BG0000270 Bulgaria Atanasovsko ezero Map
BG0000335 Bulgaria Karaboaz Map
BG0000377 Bulgaria Kalimok - Brashlen Map
BG0000396 Bulgaria Persina Map
BG0000418 Bulgaria Kermenski vazvishenia Map
BG0000441 Bulgaria Reka Blatnitsa Map
BG0000508 Bulgaria Reka Skat Map
BG0000610 Bulgaria Reka Yantra Map
BG0000620 Bulgaria Pomorie Map
BG0001001 Bulgaria Ropotamo Map
HR2001045 Croatia Trpinja Map
HUBF20015 Hungary Marcal-medence Map
HUBN20034 Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség Map
HUBN20035 Hungary Poroszlói szikesek Map
HUBN20036 Hungary Kétútközi-legelő Map
HUBN20037 Hungary Nagy-Hanyi Map
HUBN20038 Hungary Kerecsendi Berek-erdő és Lógó-part Map
HUBN20039 Hungary Pusztafogacs Map
HUBN20040 Hungary Nagy-fertő - Gulya-gyep - Hamvajárás szikes pusztái Map
HUBN20041 Hungary Pélyi szikesek Map
HUBN20069 Hungary Kesznyéteni Sajó-öböl Map
HUDI20003 Hungary Alapi kaszálórétek Map
HUDI20021 Hungary Gerje-mente Map
HUDI20024 Hungary Tápiógyörgye-újszilvási szikesek Map
HUDI20025 Hungary Hajta mente Map
HUDI20034 Hungary Duna és ártere Map
HUDI20043 Hungary Rekettyés Map
HUDI20046 Hungary Székek Map
HUDI20050 Hungary Alsó-Tápió és patakvölgyek Map
HUDI20053 Hungary Velencei-hegység Map
HUDI20054 Hungary Velencei-tó Map
HUDI21056 Hungary Jászkarajenői puszták Map
HUDI30002 Hungary Zámolyi-medence Map
HUFH20001 Hungary Rábaköz Map
HUFH20002 Hungary Fertő tó Map
HUHN20001 Hungary Felső-Tisza Map
HUHN20002 Hungary Hortobágy Map
HUHN20005 Hungary Nagy-Széksós - Rakottyás Map
HUHN20006 Hungary Pocsaji csordalegelő Map
HUHN20007 Hungary Szentpéterszeg-hencidai gyepek Map
HUHN20008 Hungary Kismarja - Pocsaj - Esztári-gyepek Map
HUHN20009 Hungary Derecske - konyári gyepek Map
HUHN20010 Hungary Pocsaji-kapu Map
HUHN20011 Hungary Hencidai Csere-erdő Map
HUHN20012 Hungary Sándorosi tavak Map
HUHN20013 Hungary Közép-Bihar Map
HUHN20014 Hungary Kismarjai Nagy-szik Map
HUHN20015 Hungary Közép-Tisza Map
HUHN20018 Hungary Mikepércsi Nyárfáshegyi-legelő Map
HUHN20044 Hungary Jászdózsai Pap-erdő Map
HUHN20049 Hungary Lónya-Tiszaszalka Map
HUHN20069 Hungary Hajdúszoboszlói szikes gyepek Map
HUHN20070 Hungary Darvasi Csiff-puszta Map
HUHN20073 Hungary Jászárokszállási szikesek Map
HUHN20074 Hungary Alattyáni Berki-erdő Map
HUHN20076 Hungary Borsóhalmi-legelő Map
HUHN20078 Hungary Jászsági Zagyva-ártér Map
HUHN20081 Hungary Újszász-jászboldogházi gyepek Map
HUHN20085 Hungary Jászapáti - jászkiséri szikesek Map
HUHN20089 Hungary Alsó-Zagyva hullámtere Map
HUHN20092 Hungary Hajdúszováti gyepek Map
HUHN20093 Hungary Kaba-földesi gyepek Map
HUHN20095 Hungary Lányi-legelő Map
HUHN20098 Hungary Dél-ásványi gyepek Map
HUHN20100 Hungary Gatály Map
HUHN20101 Hungary Bihari-legelő Map
HUHN20103 Hungary Berekböszörmény - körmösdpusztai legelők Map
HUHN20105 Hungary Csökmői gyepek Map
HUHN20106 Hungary Újfehértói gyepek Map
HUHN20107 Hungary Nagy-Vadas Map
HUHN20114 Hungary Tiszalöki szikesek Map
HUHN20116 Hungary Tiszavasvári szikesek Map
HUHN20121 Hungary Czakó-tó Map
HUHN20125 Hungary Nyírgyulaji Kis-rét Map
HUHN20129 Hungary Nyírbogdányi rét Map
HUHN20131 Hungary Orosi gyepek Map
HUHN20134 Hungary Kállósemjéni Csordalegelő Map
HUHN20138 Hungary Aranyosi-legelő Map
HUHN20139 Hungary Szalóki Nagy-fertő Map
HUHN20140 Hungary Úrbéri-legelő Map
HUHN20141 Hungary Tiszaigar - Tiszaörsi Körtvélyes Map
HUHN20144 Hungary Kenderesi-legelő Map
HUHN20145 Hungary Kecskeri-puszta és környéke Map
HUHN20146 Hungary Hegyesbor Map
HUHN20148 Hungary Pásztói-legelő Map
HUHN20149 Hungary Mezőtúri Szandazugi-legelő Map
HUHN20152 Hungary Kunszentmártoni Bábockai-legelő Map
HUHN20153 Hungary Szelevényi Tó-köz Map
HUHN20154 Hungary Csépa-szelevényi gyepek Map
HUHN20155 Hungary Cserkei Nagy-fertő Map
HUHN20156 Hungary Tiszasasi Láp-legelő Map
HUHN20157 Hungary Tiszaugi Körtvélyes és Bokros Map
HUHN20158 Hungary Tiszakürt-tiszainokai gyepek Map
HUHN21162 Hungary Jászalsószentgyörgyi erdő Map
HUKM20001 Hungary Hódmezővásárhely környéki és csanádi-háti puszták Map
HUKM20002 Hungary Hódmezővásárhelyi Kék-tó Map
HUKM20004 Hungary Száraz-ér Map
HUKM20005 Hungary Deszki gyepek Map
HUKM20006 Hungary Mágocs-ér Map
HUKM20009 Hungary Mezőhegyes-battonyai gyepek Map
HUKM20010 Hungary Gyula-szabadkígyósi gyepek Map
HUKM20013 Hungary Bélmegyeri Fás-puszta Map
HUKM20014 Hungary Dévaványa környéki gyepek Map
HUKM20015 Hungary Hortobágy-Berettyó Map
HUKM20017 Hungary Hármas-Körös Map
HUKM20019 Hungary Dél-Bihari szikesek Map
HUKM20025 Hungary Gyantéi erdők Map
HUKM20026 Hungary Tóniszállás-szarvasi gyepek Map
HUKM20027 Hungary Cserebökény Map
HUKM20028 Hungary Tőkei gyepek Map
HUKM20029 Hungary Szentesi gyepek Map
HUKM20030 Hungary Lapistó-Fertő Map
HUKN20001 Hungary Felső-kiskunsági szikes puszta Map
HUKN20004 Hungary Dél-Bácska Map
HUKN20005 Hungary Tass - szalkszentmártoni szikes puszta Map
HUKN20007 Hungary Solti ürgés gyep Map
HUKN20008 Hungary Déli-Homokhátság Map
HUKN20009 Hungary Felső-kiskunsági szikes tavak és Miklapuszta Map
HUKN20010 Hungary Szabadszállási ürgés gyep Map
HUKN20011 Hungary Fülöpházi homokbuckák Map
HUKN20017 Hungary Közép-csongrádi szikesek Map
HUKN20019 Hungary Baksi-puszta Map
HUKN20020 Hungary Harkai-tó Map
HUKN20023 Hungary Tázlá - kiskunhalasi homokbuckák Map
HUKN20024 Hungary Bócsa-bugaci homokpuszta Map
HUKN20027 Hungary Péteri-tó Map
HUKN20029 Hungary Csongrádi Kónya-szék Map
HUKN20030 Hungary Pirtói Nagy-tó Map
HUKN30001 Hungary Csongrád-bokrosi Sóstó Map
HUKN30002 Hungary Gátéri Fehér-tó Map
ROSCI0005 Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău - Lacul Sărat Câineni Map
ROSCI0021 Romania Câmpia Ierului Map
ROSCI0025 Romania Cefa Map
ROSCI0039 Romania Ciuperceni - Desa Map
ROSCI0043 Romania Comana Map
ROSCI0045 Romania Coridorul Jiului Map
ROSCI0065 Romania Delta Dunării Map
ROSCI0068 Romania Diosig Map
ROSCI0095 Romania La Sărătura Map
ROSCI0099 Romania Lacul Știucilor - Sic - Puini - Bonțida Map
ROSCI0103 Romania Lunca Buzăului Map
ROSCI0115 Romania Mlaștina Satchinez Map
ROSCI0123 Romania Munții Măcinului Map
ROSCI0171 Romania Pădurea și pajiștile de la Mârzești Map
ROSCI0221 Romania Sărăturile din Valea Ilenei Map
ROSCI0222 Romania Sărăturile Jijia Inferioară - Prut Map
ROSCI0223 Romania Sărăturile Ocna Veche Map
ROSCI0231 Romania Nădab - Socodor - Vărșad Map
ROSCI0238 Romania Suatu - Cojocna - Crairât Map
ROSCI0259 Romania Valea Călmățuiului Map
ROSCI0265 Romania Valea lui David Map
ROSCI0272 Romania Vulcanii Noroioși de la Pâclele Mari și Pâclele Mici Map
ROSCI0277 Romania Becicherecu Mic Map
ROSCI0305 Romania Ianca - Plopu - Sărat - Comăneasca Map
ROSCI0307 Romania Lacul Sărat - Brăila Map
ROSCI0320 Romania Mociar Map
ROSCI0387 Romania Salonta Map
ROSCI0388 Romania Sărăturile de la Foieni - Grăniceri Map
ROSCI0389 Romania Sărăturile de la Gura Ialomiței - Mihai Bravu Map
ROSCI0390 Romania Sărăturile Diniaș Map
ROSCI0401 Romania Turnu - Variașu Map
ROSCI0414 Romania Lovrin Map
SKCHVU005 Slovakia Dolne Povazie Map
SKUEV0017 Slovakia Pri Orechovom rade Map
SKUEV0066 Slovakia Kameninske slaniska Map
SKUEV0088 Slovakia Siky Map
SKUEV0095 Slovakia Panske luky Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Not available
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100