Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code BG0001001)
  • Under Habitats Directive
  • Since March 2007
  • Country: Bulgaria
  • Administrative region: Yugoiztochen (BG34)
  • Surface area: 982 km2 (98204.78 ha)
  • Marine area: 90%
  • Located in Black Sea and Marine Black Sea biogeographical regions
  • It protects 44 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 34 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (44)
Species group Number
Amphibians 2
Fishes 6
Invertebrates 13
Mammals 17
Reptiles 6

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
1110 Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time 4749.1
1130 Estuaries 24.7115
1140 Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide 7.1769
1150 Coastal lagoons 355.062
1160 Large shallow inlets and bays 1851.89
1170 Reefs 61360.4
1210 Annual vegetation of drift lines 7.39
1240 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Mediterranean coasts with endemic Limonium spp 37.49
1310 Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand 2.51
1410 Mediterranean salt meadows (Juncetalia maritimi) 19.19
1530 Pannonic salt steppes and salt marshes 29.39
2110 Embryonic shifting dunes 24.45
2120 Shifting dunes along the shoreline with Ammophila arenaria ('white dunes') 24.15
2130 Fixed coastal dunes with herbaceous vegetation ('grey dunes') 107.47
2180 Wooded dunes of the Atlantic, Continental and Boreal region 31.22
2190 Humid dune slacks 3.17
3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition -type vegetation 0.44
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation 25.29
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) 67.37
6220 Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea 375.98
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 11.3
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 81.04
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 4.32
8230 Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the Sedo-Scleranthion or of the Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii 22.21
8330 Submerged or partially submerged sea caves 0.7305
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 22.96
91F0 Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor, Fraxinus excelsior or Fraxinus angustifolia, along the great rivers (Ulmenion minoris) 224.92
91G0 Pannonic woods with Quercus petraea and Carpinus betulus 0.17
92A0 Salix alba and Populus alba galleries 2.97
92D0 Southern riparian galleries and thickets (Nerio-Tamaricetea and Securinegion tinctoriae) 21.37
62A0 Eastern sub-mediteranean dry grasslands (Scorzoneratalia villosae) 31.16
91M0 Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oak –sessile oak forests 4948.81
91Z0 Moesian silver lime woods 6.62
91AA Eastern white oak woods 49.91

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Not under Birds directive
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
March 2007
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
December 2008
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) December 2020
Date of Standard data form update November 2021

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100