Phoenix canariensis vegetation

Description (English)

Sparse Phoenix canariensis groves (palmares) of colluvial deposits, mostly on flat mid-slope sites or at the base of irregular temporary streams. Endemic to the Canary Islands, they are dependent on brief, temporary water-tables present in sporadic torrential flows during the winter. Thus, they are azonal vegetation in the dry to arid infra- and thermomediterranean belts.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T26
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Phoenix canariensis
Flowering Plants Sideritis cretica
Flowering Plants Euphorbia berthelotii
Flowering Plants Periploca angustifolia
Flowering Plants Pallenis spinosa
Flowering Plants Phagnalon saxatile
Flowering Plants Dittrichia viscosa
Flowering Plants Ricinus communis
Flowering Plants Nicotiana glauca
Flowering Plants Cistus monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Hyparrhenia hirta
Flowering Plants Lycium intricatum
Flowering Plants Bituminaria bituminosa
Flowering Plants Euphorbia regis-jubae
Flowering Plants Launaea arborescens

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Phoenix canariensis Flowering Plants
Sideritis cretica Flowering Plants
Euphorbia berthelotii Flowering Plants
Periploca angustifolia Flowering Plants
Pallenis spinosa Flowering Plants
Phagnalon saxatile Flowering Plants
Dittrichia viscosa Flowering Plants
Ricinus communis Flowering Plants
Nicotiana glauca Flowering Plants
Cistus monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Hyparrhenia hirta Flowering Plants
Lycium intricatum Flowering Plants
Bituminaria bituminosa Flowering Plants
Euphorbia regis-jubae Flowering Plants
Launaea arborescens Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Phoenix canariensis
Flowering Plants Dittrichia viscosa
Flowering Plants Sideritis cretica
Flowering Plants Phagnalon saxatile
Flowering Plants Periploca angustifolia
Flowering Plants Pallenis spinosa
Flowering Plants Hyparrhenia hirta
Flowering Plants Euphorbia berthelotii
Flowering Plants Cistus monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Bituminaria bituminosa
Flowering Plants Ricinus communis
Flowering Plants Nicotiana glauca
Flowering Plants Lycium intricatum
Flowering Plants Launaea arborescens
Flowering Plants Euphorbia regis-jubae

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Phoenix canariensis Flowering Plants
Dittrichia viscosa Flowering Plants
Sideritis cretica Flowering Plants
Phagnalon saxatile Flowering Plants
Periploca angustifolia Flowering Plants
Pallenis spinosa Flowering Plants
Hyparrhenia hirta Flowering Plants
Euphorbia berthelotii Flowering Plants
Cistus monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Bituminaria bituminosa Flowering Plants
Ricinus communis Flowering Plants
Nicotiana glauca Flowering Plants
Lycium intricatum Flowering Plants
Launaea arborescens Flowering Plants
Euphorbia regis-jubae Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Phoenix canariensis
Flowering Plants Dittrichia viscosa

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Phoenix canariensis Flowering Plants
Dittrichia viscosa Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.5 Phoenix groves same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.52 Canary Island Phoenix canariensis groves same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.5 Phoenix groves same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.52 Canarian Phoenix canariensis groves same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.52 Canarian Phoenix canariensis groves same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.5 Phoenix groves same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.52 Canarian Phoenix canariensis groves same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.5 Phoenix groves same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G2.5 Phoenix groves same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G2.52 Canarian Phoenix canariensis groves same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G2.52 Canarian palm groves same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G2.5 Palm groves same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 45.7 Temperate palm groves same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 45.72 Canarian palm groves same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 45.72 Canarian palm groves same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 45.7 Temperate palm groves same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 45.7   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 45.72   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 45.7   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 45.72   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 45.72   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 45.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 45.72   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 45.7   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100