Macaronesian heathy forest

Description (English)

Small-stature woodland (high matorral) variously dominated by arborescent ericoids, strawberry tree (Arbutus canariensis) and Canarian holly (Ilex canariensis) in situations that range from cold and hyper-humid slopes and exposed fog-bound outcrops to sub-humid and dry foothills of Madeira and the Canary Islands.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T28
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Ilex canariensis
Flowering Plants Arbutus canariensis
Flowering Plants Galium scabrum
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Flowering Plants Habenaria tridactylites
Flowering Plants Urtica morifolia
Flowering Plants Smilax canariensis
Flowering Plants Gennaria diphylla
Flowering Plants Heberdenia excelsa
Flowering Plants Visnea mocanera
Flowering Plants Gaudinia coarctata
Flowering Plants Lathyrus odoratus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Ilex canariensis Flowering Plants
Arbutus canariensis Flowering Plants
Galium scabrum Flowering Plants
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Habenaria tridactylites Flowering Plants
Urtica morifolia Flowering Plants
Smilax canariensis Flowering Plants
Gennaria diphylla Flowering Plants
Heberdenia excelsa Flowering Plants
Visnea mocanera Flowering Plants
Gaudinia coarctata Flowering Plants
Lathyrus odoratus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Flowering Plants Ilex canariensis
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Galium scabrum
Flowering Plants Erica scoparia
Flowering Plants Viburnum tinus
Ferns Asplenium adiantum-nigrum
Ferns Davallia canariensis
Flowering Plants Arbutus canariensis
Conifers Pinus canariensis
Flowering Plants Habenaria tridactylites
Flowering Plants Urtica morifolia
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Ilex canariensis Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Galium scabrum Flowering Plants
Erica scoparia Flowering Plants
Viburnum tinus Flowering Plants
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum Ferns
Davallia canariensis Ferns
Arbutus canariensis Flowering Plants
Pinus canariensis Conifers
Habenaria tridactylites Flowering Plants
Urtica morifolia Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Flowering Plants Erica scoparia
Flowering Plants Arbutus canariensis

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Erica scoparia Flowering Plants
Arbutus canariensis Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G2.7 Canary Island heath woodland same
European Red List of Habitats G2.7 Macaronesian heathy woodland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.7 Canary Island heath woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.7 Canarian heath woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.7 Canarian heath woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.7 Canarian heath woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F2.2J Canarian heath woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F2.E Canarian heath woodland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 45.9 Canarian heath forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 45.9 Canarian heath forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 45.9   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 45.9   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 45.9   same
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