EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T32 - Temperate mountain Abies forest

Temperate mountain Abies forest

Description (English)

Forests of European silver fir (Abies alba) in temperate mountains, often with European beech (Fagus sylvatica), and Norway spruce (Picea abies) where site conditions are harsher at higher altitudes. In the southern Black Sea region and the Caucasus, the dominant species is Caucasian fir (Abies nordmanniana), often with an admixture of Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis) and Oriental spruce (Picea orientalis). At most sites, fir forests occur on acidic soils though extending on to more base-rich and mesotrophic soils where distinctive contingents of herbs augment or replace the usually heathy field layer.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T32
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Abies alba
Flowering Plants Prenanthes purpurea
Flowering Plants Lonicera nigra
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Galium odoratum
Ferns Dryopteris filix-mas
Flowering Plants Polygonatum verticillatum
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Veronica urticifolia
Flowering Plants Senecio nemorensis
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Luzula nivea
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Flowering Plants Lamium galeobdolon
Flowering Plants Sambucus racemosa
Flowering Plants Hordelymus europaeus
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies alba Conifers
Prenanthes purpurea Flowering Plants
Lonicera nigra Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Galium odoratum Flowering Plants
Dryopteris filix-mas Ferns
Polygonatum verticillatum Flowering Plants
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Veronica urticifolia Flowering Plants
Senecio nemorensis Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Luzula nivea Flowering Plants
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Lamium galeobdolon Flowering Plants
Sambucus racemosa Flowering Plants
Hordelymus europaeus Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Conifers Abies alba
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Prenanthes purpurea
Ferns Dryopteris filix-mas
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Rubus idaeus
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Flowering Plants Fragaria vesca
Flowering Plants Galium odoratum
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Lamium galeobdolon
Flowering Plants Senecio nemorensis
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichastrum formosum

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies alba Conifers
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Prenanthes purpurea Flowering Plants
Dryopteris filix-mas Ferns
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Rubus idaeus Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Fragaria vesca Flowering Plants
Galium odoratum Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Lamium galeobdolon Flowering Plants
Senecio nemorensis Flowering Plants
Polytrichastrum formosum Mosses & Liverworts
Conifers Abies alba
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies alba Conifers
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland narrower
European Red List of Habitats G3.1b Temperate mountain Abies woodland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100