Moesian silver fir forests

Description (English)

Forests of Abies alba or of Abies alba mixed with Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris or Pinus nigra of the Rhodopides, the Balkan Range and the Meso-Macedonian mountains within the geographical range of Fagion moesiacum forests.
Located mainly on the northern slopes of the mountains on acidic well-drained soils with high moisture, they occur as a relatively thin line between the beech and the coniferous vegetation belts.
42.1612 Rhodope fir forests
42.1613 Western Rhodopide fir forests
42.162 Moeso-Macedonian fir forests
42.163 Balkan Range fir forests

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 91BA)
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 17 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Good: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Poor: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status

Species mentioned in habitat description

Conifers Abies alba
Conifers Picea abies
Conifers Pinus nigra
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies alba Conifers
Picea abies Conifers
Pinus nigra Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BG0000117 Bulgaria Kotlenska planina Map
BG0000167 Bulgaria Belasitsa Map
BG0000209 Bulgaria Pirin Map
BG0000366 Bulgaria Kresna - Ilindentsi Map
BG0000399 Bulgaria Bulgarka Map
BG0000494 Bulgaria Tsentralen Balkan Map
BG0000495 Bulgaria Rila Map
BG0000496 Bulgaria Rilski manastir Map
BG0001011 Bulgaria Osogovska planina Map
BG0001021 Bulgaria Reka Mesta Map
BG0001028 Bulgaria Sreden Pirin - Alibotush Map
BG0001030 Bulgaria Rodopi - Zapadni Map
BG0001031 Bulgaria Rodopi - Sredni Map
BG0001040 Bulgaria Zapadna Stara planina i Predbalkan Map
BG0001386 Bulgaria Yadenitsa Map
BG0001493 Bulgaria Tsentralen Balkan - bufer Map
GR1340003 Greece ORI VARNOUNTA Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Not available

Other resources

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100