Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code BG0000399)
  • Under Birds Directive and Habitats Directive
  • Since March 2007
  • Country: Bulgaria
  • Administrative region: Severen tsentralen (BG32), Yugoiztochen (BG34)
  • Surface area: 240 km2 (24009.03 ha)
  • Marine area: 0%
  • Located in Alpine and Continental biogeographical regions
  • It protects 75 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 23 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (75)
Species group Number
Amphibians 2
Birds 43
Fishes 4
Flowering Plants 2
Invertebrates 6
Mammals 15
Reptiles 3

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths 95.987
6110 Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi 4.87134
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) 119.984
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 287.961
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 74.11
6520 Mountain hay meadows 86.3883
7220 Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) 0.05
7230 Alkaline fens 0.87
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 71.9903
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 347.953
8230 Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the Sedo-Scleranthion or of the Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii 0.17925
8310 Caves not open to the public 0
9110 Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests 17.2057
9130 Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests 3477.37
9150 Medio-European limestone beech forests of the Cephalanthero-Fagion 5391.11
9170 Galio-Carpinetum oak-hornbeam forests 789.493
9180 Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines 719.903
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 2.63
91G0 Pannonic woods with Quercus petraea and Carpinus betulus 400.506
91M0 Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oak –sessile oak forests 0.38394
91W0 Moesian beech forests 3949.87
91Z0 Moesian silver lime woods 1.02706
91BA Moesian silver fir forests 8.39886

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Under Birds directive
  • Date classified as Special Protection Area (SPA)
May 2011
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
March 2007
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
December 2008
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) March 2021
Date of Standard data form update November 2021

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100