Alpine and subalpine Juniperus scrub

Description (English)

Juniper-dominated vegetation of the montane to subalpine belts of European mountains, occurring as primary vegetation tolerant of both high exposure and snow-lie, but also a secondary derivative of the deforested, long-grazed and eroded ground at high altitudes.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S23
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. nana
Flowering Plants Bruckenthalia spiculifolia
Conifers Juniperus sabina
Flowering Plants Genista depressa

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis subsp. nana Conifers
Bruckenthalia spiculifolia Flowering Plants
Juniperus sabina Conifers
Genista depressa Flowering Plants
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. nana
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta
Flowering Plants Luzula luzuloides
Flowering Plants Homogyne alpina
Flowering Plants Helianthemum nummularium
Flowering Plants Antennaria dioica
Flowering Plants Potentilla aurea
Flowering Plants Thymus praecox
Flowering Plants Bruckenthalia spiculifolia
Flowering Plants Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus
Flowering Plants Carex sempervirens
Conifers Juniperus sabina
Flowering Plants Campanula patula

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis subsp. nana Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Luzula luzuloides Flowering Plants
Homogyne alpina Flowering Plants
Helianthemum nummularium Flowering Plants
Antennaria dioica Flowering Plants
Potentilla aurea Flowering Plants
Thymus praecox Flowering Plants
Bruckenthalia spiculifolia Flowering Plants
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Flowering Plants
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Carex sempervirens Flowering Plants
Juniperus sabina Conifers
Campanula patula Flowering Plants
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. nana
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Conifers Juniperus sabina

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis subsp. nana Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Juniperus sabina Conifers

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub narrower
European Red List of Habitats F2.2b Alpine and subalpine Juniperus scrub same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F3.2 Alpine, subalpine and boreal heaths and dwarf-shrub mats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F3.2 Alpine and boreal heaths and dwarf-shrub mats same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.4 Alpine and boreal heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.4 Alpine and boreal heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.4   same
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