EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > S - Heathland, scrub and tundra > S6 - Garrigue > S65 - Mediterranean gypsum scrub

Mediterranean gypsum scrub

Description (English)

Open chamaephyte scrub with a lichen crust and rainy-spring annual herb flora, on gypsum-rich substrates in areas with a dry to semi-arid mediterranean climate in the Iberian Peninsula. The extreme climatic and edaphic conditions maintain the habitat as naturally stable, but it can bear some light grazing.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S65
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Ononis tridentata
Flowering Plants Herniaria fruticosa
Flowering Plants Helianthemum squamatum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum syriacum
Flowering Plants Gypsophila struthium
Flowering Plants Plantago albicans
Flowering Plants Launaea pumila
Flowering Plants Reseda stricta
Flowering Plants Lepidium subulatum
Flowering Plants Atractylis humilis
Flowering Plants Stipa parviflora
Flowering Plants Thymus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Odontites longiflora
Flowering Plants Lygeum spartum
Flowering Plants Helichrysum stoechas
Flowering Plants Launaea fragilis
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis
Flowering Plants Fumana ericoides
Flowering Plants Coris monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Genista scorpius

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Ononis tridentata Flowering Plants
Herniaria fruticosa Flowering Plants
Helianthemum squamatum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum syriacum Flowering Plants
Gypsophila struthium Flowering Plants
Plantago albicans Flowering Plants
Launaea pumila Flowering Plants
Reseda stricta Flowering Plants
Lepidium subulatum Flowering Plants
Atractylis humilis Flowering Plants
Stipa parviflora Flowering Plants
Thymus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Odontites longiflora Flowering Plants
Lygeum spartum Flowering Plants
Helichrysum stoechas Flowering Plants
Launaea fragilis Flowering Plants
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Fumana ericoides Flowering Plants
Coris monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Genista scorpius Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Thymus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Helianthemum syriacum
Flowering Plants Herniaria fruticosa
Flowering Plants Ononis tridentata
Flowering Plants Helianthemum squamatum
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Helichrysum stoechas
Flowering Plants Plantago albicans
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis
Flowering Plants Koeleria vallesiana
Flowering Plants Teucrium polium
Flowering Plants Genista scorpius
Flowering Plants Sedum sediforme
Flowering Plants Gypsophila struthium
Flowering Plants Atractylis humilis
Flowering Plants Lygeum spartum
Flowering Plants Launaea pumila
Flowering Plants Coris monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Fumana ericoides
Flowering Plants Santolina chamaecyparissus

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Thymus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Helianthemum syriacum Flowering Plants
Herniaria fruticosa Flowering Plants
Ononis tridentata Flowering Plants
Helianthemum squamatum Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Helichrysum stoechas Flowering Plants
Plantago albicans Flowering Plants
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Koeleria vallesiana Flowering Plants
Teucrium polium Flowering Plants
Genista scorpius Flowering Plants
Sedum sediforme Flowering Plants
Gypsophila struthium Flowering Plants
Atractylis humilis Flowering Plants
Lygeum spartum Flowering Plants
Launaea pumila Flowering Plants
Coris monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Fumana ericoides Flowering Plants
Santolina chamaecyparissus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Ononis tridentata
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis
Flowering Plants Gypsophila struthium

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Ononis tridentata Flowering Plants
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Gypsophila struthium Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F6.7 Mediterranean gypsum scrubs same
European Red List of Habitats F6.7 Mediterranean gypsum scrub same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F6.7 Mediterranean gypsum scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F6.7 Mediterranean gypsum scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F6.7 Mediterranean gypsum scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F6.7 Mediterranean gypsum scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F5.5 Mediterranean gypsum scrubs same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B4.5 Mediterranean gypsum scrubs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 15.9 Mediterranean gypsum scrubs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 15.9 Mediterranean gypsum scrubs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 15.9   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 15.9   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 15.9   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 15.19   same
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