Central Mediterranean mountain hedgehog-heath

Description (English)

Heath of often spiny hedgehog sub-shrubs on base-rich and acidic soils in windy and sunny places in the supra- and oromediterranean belts of Corsica, Sardinia, Elba, Sicily and the southern mainland mountains of Italy. Downslope expansion below the timberline can follow clearance and grazing.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S74
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Genista lobelii
Flowering Plants Centaurea sarfattiana
Flowering Plants Armeria brutia
Flowering Plants Genista desoleana
Flowering Plants Carlina nebrodensis
Flowering Plants Petrorhagia saxifraga
Flowering Plants Thymus herba-barona
Flowering Plants Phleum ambiguum
Flowering Plants Genista salzmannii
Flowering Plants Bunium alpinum
Flowering Plants Hypericum barbatum
Flowering Plants Genista cupanii
Flowering Plants Astracantha sicula
Flowering Plants Cytisus spinescens
Flowering Plants Festuca circummediterranea
Flowering Plants Valeriana tuberosa

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Genista lobelii Flowering Plants
Centaurea sarfattiana Flowering Plants
Armeria brutia Flowering Plants
Genista desoleana Flowering Plants
Carlina nebrodensis Flowering Plants
Petrorhagia saxifraga Flowering Plants
Thymus herba-barona Flowering Plants
Phleum ambiguum Flowering Plants
Genista salzmannii Flowering Plants
Bunium alpinum Flowering Plants
Hypericum barbatum Flowering Plants
Genista cupanii Flowering Plants
Astracantha sicula Flowering Plants
Cytisus spinescens Flowering Plants
Festuca circummediterranea Flowering Plants
Valeriana tuberosa Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Petrorhagia saxifraga
Flowering Plants Genista lobelii
Flowering Plants Festuca circummediterranea
Flowering Plants Silene italica
Flowering Plants Jasione montana
Flowering Plants Helianthemum nummularium
Flowering Plants Thymus herba-barona
Flowering Plants Phleum ambiguum
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima subsp. serpentina
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Flowering Plants Anthyllis vulneraria
Flowering Plants Thymus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Sedum amplexicaule
Flowering Plants Anthyllis hermanniae
Flowering Plants Anthemis cretica
Flowering Plants Thymus longicaulis
Flowering Plants Rumex acetosella

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Petrorhagia saxifraga Flowering Plants
Genista lobelii Flowering Plants
Festuca circummediterranea Flowering Plants
Silene italica Flowering Plants
Jasione montana Flowering Plants
Helianthemum nummularium Flowering Plants
Thymus herba-barona Flowering Plants
Phleum ambiguum Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima subsp. serpentina Flowering Plants
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Anthyllis vulneraria Flowering Plants
Thymus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Sedum amplexicaule Flowering Plants
Anthyllis hermanniae Flowering Plants
Anthemis cretica Flowering Plants
Thymus longicaulis Flowering Plants
Rumex acetosella Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Genista lobelii
Flowering Plants Genista salzmannii
Flowering Plants Genista desoleana
Flowering Plants Cytisus spinescens
Flowering Plants Astracantha sicula
Flowering Plants Thymus longicaulis
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima subsp. serpentina
Flowering Plants Genista cupanii
Flowering Plants Festuca circummediterranea

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Genista lobelii Flowering Plants
Genista salzmannii Flowering Plants
Genista desoleana Flowering Plants
Cytisus spinescens Flowering Plants
Astracantha sicula Flowering Plants
Thymus longicaulis Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima subsp. serpentina Flowering Plants
Genista cupanii Flowering Plants
Festuca circummediterranea Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) F7.4 Hedgehog-heaths narrower
European Red List of Habitats F7.4b Central Mediterranean mountain hedgehog-heath same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F7.4 Hedgehog-heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F7.4 Hedgehog-heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F7.4 Hedgehog-heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F7.4 Hedgehog-heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F6.4 Hedgehog-heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F5.4 Hedgehog-heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 31.7 Hedgehog-heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 31.7 Hedgehog-heaths same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 31.7   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 31.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 31.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 31.7   same
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