Baltic coastal meadow

Description (English)

Baltic coastal meadows, mostly with short vegetation in the geolittoral zone (above the mean high tide). Salinity is low (brackish water), and tidal ranges are small. Most of the areas were traditionally used for mowing or grazing. Abandonment of traditional management leads to the dominance of reed beds. Although the tidal range is small, the vegetation occurs in distinct zones, with saline vegetation closest to the sea.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code MA232
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Eleocharis uniglumis
Flowering Plants Juncus gerardi
Flowering Plants Glaux maritima
Flowering Plants Triglochin maritima
Flowering Plants Trifolium fragiferum
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima
Flowering Plants Agrostis stolonifera
Flowering Plants Eleocharis parvula
Flowering Plants Triglochin palustris
Flowering Plants Centaurium littorale

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Eleocharis uniglumis Flowering Plants
Juncus gerardi Flowering Plants
Glaux maritima Flowering Plants
Triglochin maritima Flowering Plants
Trifolium fragiferum Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima Flowering Plants
Agrostis stolonifera Flowering Plants
Eleocharis parvula Flowering Plants
Triglochin palustris Flowering Plants
Centaurium littorale Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Agrostis stolonifera
Flowering Plants Juncus gerardi
Flowering Plants Triglochin maritima
Flowering Plants Glaux maritima
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima
Flowering Plants Eleocharis uniglumis
Flowering Plants Phragmites australis
Flowering Plants Trifolium fragiferum
Flowering Plants Triglochin palustris
Flowering Plants Plantago major
Flowering Plants Bolboschoenus maritimus
Flowering Plants Trifolium repens
Flowering Plants Tripolium pannonicum
Flowering Plants Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. glaucus
Flowering Plants Juncus articulatus

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Agrostis stolonifera Flowering Plants
Juncus gerardi Flowering Plants
Triglochin maritima Flowering Plants
Glaux maritima Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima Flowering Plants
Eleocharis uniglumis Flowering Plants
Phragmites australis Flowering Plants
Trifolium fragiferum Flowering Plants
Triglochin palustris Flowering Plants
Plantago major Flowering Plants
Bolboschoenus maritimus Flowering Plants
Trifolium repens Flowering Plants
Tripolium pannonicum Flowering Plants
Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. glaucus Flowering Plants
Juncus articulatus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Juncus gerardi
Flowering Plants Agrostis stolonifera
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juncus gerardi Flowering Plants
Agrostis stolonifera Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) A2.5 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds narrower
European Red List of Habitats RLA2.5b Baltic coastal meadow same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A2.5 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A2.6 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A2.6 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A2.6 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A2.6 Coastal saltmarshes and saline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B3 Coastal saltmarshes and halophytic habitats same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 15 Saltmarshes, salt steppes, salt scrubs wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 15 Saltmarshes, salt steppes, salt scrubs wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 15   wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 15   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 15   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 15.1   wider
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) LMU.Sm Saltmarsh same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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