EUNIS habitat classification 2012 amended 2019 > C - Inland surface waters > C1 - Surface standing waters > C1.3 - Permanent eutrophic lakes, ponds and pools

Permanent eutrophic lakes, ponds and pools

English name: Permanent eutrophic lakes, ponds and pools

Description (English)

Lakes and pools with mostly dirty grey to blue-green, more or less turbid, waters, particularly rich in nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) and dissolved bases (pH usually > 7). Moderately eutrophic waters can support dense beds of macrophytes, but these disappear when pollution causes nutrient levels to rise further.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code C1.3
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Nymphaeion albae Oberd. 1957 Vegetation of rooted leaf-floating macrophytes of sheltered nutrient-rich freshwaters of Europe Nymphoidion peltatae Passarge 1992; Potamion eurosibiricum Koch 1926 p.p.; Utriculario minoris-Nymphaeion candidae Vahle in Preising et al. 1990 Schaminee et al, 2012
Nelumboion nuciferae Losev et Golub in Golub et al. 1991 Vegetation of rooted leaf-floating macrophytes of sheltered nutrient-rich freshwaters of Asia and easternmost regions of Europe Schaminee et al, 2012
Ranunculion aquatilis Passarge 1964 Vegetation of crosswort rooted macrophyte communities of shallow stagnant freshwaters temperate Europe Lemno-Callitrichion Passarge 1992; Lemno-Callitrichion Passarge 1996; Ranunculion peltati Schaminée et al. 1990; Batrachion aquatilis Passarge 1964 nom. mut. propos.; Callitricho-Batrachion Den Hartog et Segal 1964 p.p. Schaminee et al, 2012
Potamogetonion Libbert 1931 Vegetation of rooted and floating macrophyte potamogetonid communities of Eurasia Magno-Potamion eurosibiricum Vollmar 1947 (orig. form); Elodeion De Lange 1972; Elodeo-Potamion crispi Passarge 1996; Eu-Potamion (Koch 1926) Oberd. 1957 (orig. form); Junco-Potamion polygonifolii Passarge 1996; Najadion Passarge 1978; Najadion marinae Lakušic 1975; Potamion Miljan 1933; Potamion alpini Lakušic 1975; Potamion eurosibiricum Br.-Bl. 1931 (orig. form); Potamion eurosibiricum Koch 1926 p.p. (orig. form); Potamion eurosibiricum Nordhagen 1936 (orig. form); Potamion graminei Westhoff et Den Held 1969; Potamion lucentis Vollmar 1947 (orig. form); Potamion natanti-obtusifolii Passarge 1996; Potamion natantis Lakušic 1975; Potamion pectinati Oberd. 1957 (orig. form); Potamion perfoliati Lakušic 1975; Potamion polygonifolii Den Hartog et Segal 1964; Potamion pusilli Vollmar 1947 (orig. form); Potamogetonion lucentis Rivas-Mart. 1973; Zannichellion palustris Passarge 1978; Zannichellion pedunculatae Segal 1963 p.p.; Potamion pusilli Wiegleb ex Vahle in Preising et al. 1990; Parvo-Potamion eurosibiricum Vollmar 1947 (orig. form); Potamion crispi (Den Hartog et Segal 1964) Rivas-Mart. 1973 (orig. form); Parvo-Potamion (Vollmar 1947) Den Hartog et Segal 1964 (orig. form); Potamion pectinati Koch 1926 corr. Görs in Oberd. et al. 1977 (orig. form); Potamion pusilli (Vollmar 1947) Den Hartog et Segal 1964 (orig. form); Magno-Potamion (Vollmar 1947) Den Hartog et Segal 1964 (orig. form); Potamion lutescentis (Koch 1926) Rivas-Mart. 1973 (sensu Costa et al. 2012) Schaminee et al, 2012
Lemnion minoris O. de Bolòs et Masclans 1955 Vegetation of free-floating duckweed communities of still and relatively nutrient-rich freshwaters in warmer parts of Europe Azollo-Salvinion Passarge 1964; Azollo-Salvinion Passarge 1978; Lemnion gibbae Oberd. 1956; Lemnion gibbae Tx. et Schwabe in Tx. 1974; Lemnion minoris Tx. 1955; Lemnion trisulcae Den Hartog et Segal 1964; Lemno-Riccion Passarge 1977; Lemno-Salvinion natantis Slavnic 1956; Riccio-Lemnion trisulcae Schwabe-Braun in Tx. 1981; Riccio-Lemnion trisulcae (Den Hartog et Segal 1964) Tx. et Schwabe-Braun in Tx. 1974 Schaminee et al, 2012
Hydrocharition morsus-ranae (Passarge 1964) Westhoff et Den Held 1969 Vegetation of free-floating macrophyte communities in fairly nutrient-rich shallow waters Ceratophyllion demersi Den Hartog et Segal 1964; Ceratophyllion demersi Soó 1927; Eu-Hydrocharition Passarge 1964; Hottonion Segal 1964; Hydrocharition morsus-ranae Rübel 1933; Stratiotion Den Hartog et Segal 1964; Lemno minoris-Hydrocharition morsus-ranae Rivas-Mart., Fernández-González et Loidi 1999; Ceratophyllion demersi Den Hartog et Segal ex Passarge 1996 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 22.13 Eutrophic waterbodies same
CORINE Land Cover 5.1.2. Water bodies n/a
HELCOM Baltic Sea Marine and Coastal Biotopes 1998 04.02.02.01 Permanent pools: freshwater pools: eutrophic narrower
HELCOM Baltic Sea Marine and Coastal Biotopes 1998 04.01.02.01 Coastal lakes: freshwater: eutrophic narrower
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 G11 Standing water: eutrophic same
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 23 Eutrophic standing waters narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 1.1 Eaux calmes wider
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 8261000 Mokrade n/a
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 8240000 Mociare n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 C1.3 Permanent eutrophic lakes, ponds and pools same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 C1.3 Permanent eutrophic lakes, ponds and pools same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 C1.3 Permanent eutrophic lakes, ponds and pools same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 C1.3 Permanent eutrophic lakes, ponds and pools same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 C1.13 Eutrophic water bodies same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 C1.13 Eutrophic water bodies same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 22.13 Eutrophic waterbodies same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 22.13 Eutrophic waterbodies same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 22.13   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 22.13   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 22.13   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 22.13   same
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