Red List habitat classification > RLE - Grasslands > RLE1.5d Greek and Anatolian oromediterranean siliceous dry grassland

Greek and Anatolian oromediterranean siliceous dry grassland

Quick facts

Red List habitat type code RLE1.5d
Threat status
Europe Least Concern
EU Least Concern
Relation to
Source European Red List habitat factsheet
European Red List of habitats reports
European Red List of habitats (Excel table)


This habitat is formed by dense, closed, usually unsculptured, oromediterranean chionophilous grasslands of acid and often deep soils over siliceous or calcareous substrates, as well as the closed, dry or mesophilous perennial Nardus spp. grasslands (mat-grass swards) occupying siliceous soils in the mountains of central and southern Greece, and north-western Anatolia (transitional region between the Mediterranean and the Euro-Siberian floristic region). The various vegetation communities of this unit occur on the high mountains of the southern Balkan peninsula under Mediterranean climate influence, including southern Albania, the Former Yuguslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), northwestern Turkey, the southern Pelagonides (Vermion), the Pindus mountain range (Tymfi, Peristeri, Karava, Smolikas), the high Thessalian mountains (Olimbos, Ossa), the Sterea Ellas (Giona, Iti) and the Peloponnesus mountains (Chelmos, Killini, Erimanthos, Taygetos); they develop on decalcified colluviums, on damp soils of seeps or poorly drained areas, and in depressions and other sites where snow lingers. These grassland communities or grassy meadows ("pelouses rases") above the treeline are mainly found at altitudes from 1,800 to 2,400 m Asl, and are mainly associated with late snow cover (>150 days) and irrigation from melt water in shallow depressions or in more or less flat ground with accumulated fine-grained soil.

Indicators of quality:

  • Vegetation cover > 80%
  • Species rich communities
  • High grass species presence
  • Absence of strong erosion indication
  • Soil without significant disturbances
  •  Absence or very low cover of weed species
  • Absence of indications of secondary succession (e.g. invasion by tall herbs and the establishment of trees and shrubs on grassland areas)
  • Controlled grazing regime

Characteristic species
For full habitat description, please download the habitat factsheet.

Threat status

Synthesis of Red List assessment

The habitat type is assessed as Least Concern since it has an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 61,350 km2, an area of occupancy (AOO) of 155, and the habitat is stable in quantity and quality in the EU 28. In the EU 28+ region, the habitat is slightly decreasing in quantity and quality (between 5 and 10%), but not enough to qualify for a threatened category.
Red List Category Red List Criteria
Least Concern -
Red List Category Red List Criteria
Least Concern -

Confidence in the assessment

Red List of habitat categories and criteria descriptions

Pressures and threats

  • Agriculture
    • Grazing
    • Intensive grazing
    • Non intensive grazing
    • Fertilisation
  • Sylviculture, forestry
    • Forest planting on open ground
  • Natural biotic and abiotic processes (without catastrophes)
    • Biocenotic evolution, succession

Habitat restoration potential

The habitat has the capacity to recover naturally and through intervention. Intervention would imply the restoration and regulation of different grazing activities.

Trends in extent

Average current trend in quantity

Stable Decreasing
EU28 EU28+

Trends in quality

Average current trend in quality

Stable Decreasing
EU28 EU28+

Conservation and management needs

There is a need for the establishment of protected areas/sites to ensure this habitat remains unthreatened. Projects for the restoration and regulation of grazing regime would also benefit this habitat.

List of conservation and management needs

  • Measures related to agriculture and open habitats
    • Maintaining grasslands and other open habitats
  • Measures related to spatial planning
    • Establish protected areas/sites
    • Legal protection of habitats and species
    • Manage landscape features


For each habitat a distribution map was produced from a wide variety of sources indicating known and potential occurrences of the habitat in 10x10 km grids within Europe. Occurrences in grid cells were given in two classes: actual distribution from relatively reliable sources (surveys, expert knowledge), and potential distribution based on models or less reliable indicators. Please download the fact sheet to see the map.

Geographic occurrence and trends

EU28 Present or presence uncertain Current area of habitat (Km2) Recent trend in quantity (last 50 years) Recent trend in quality (last 50 years)
Greece (mainland and other islands) Present 150.2 Stable Stable
Crete Present 150.2 Stable Stable
East Aegean Uncertain 150.2 Stable Stable
EU28 + Present or presence uncertain Current area of habitat (Km2) Recent trend in quantity (last 50 years) Recent trend in quality (last 50 years)
Albania Present Unknown Unknown Unknown
Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) Present 800 Decreasing Decreasing

Extent of Occurrence, Area of Occupancy and habitat area

Extent of Occurrence (EOO) (Km2) Area of Occupancy (AOO) Current estimated Total Area Comment
EU28 90750 159 152
EU28+ 168 800
AOO = the area occupied by a habitat measured in number of 10x10 km grid cells.
EOO = the area (km2) of the envelope around all occurrences of a habitat (calculated by a minimum convex polygon).

Characteristic species

Not available

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Other classifications

Not available
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100