Sub-Atlantic semi-dry calcareous grassland

English name: Sub-Atlantic semi-dry calcareous grassland

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E1.26
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (E1.2)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Description (English)

More or less mesophile, closed formations dominated by perennial, tuft-forming grasses, colonizing relatively deep, mostly calcareous soils. Generally species-rich, these communities may be overwhelmed by the highly social Brachypodium pinnatum.Their range extends from the British Isles, Denmark, the Low Countries and northern Germany to the Cantabric range, the Pyrenees, Catalonia, the southern Alps and the Central Apennines, extending east to the Bohemian Quadrangle, beyond which they are replaced by the vicariant formations of the Cirsio-Brachypodion, to the Wienerwald, Styria and Illyria. Bromus erectus and Brachypodium pinnatum often dominate, other grasses include Koeleria pyramidata, Festuca guestfalica, Festuca rupicola, Festuca lemanii, Avenula pubescens, Sesleria albicans, Briza media, Carex caryophyllea and Carex flacca. Herbs: Gentianella germanica, Trifolium montanum, Ononis repens, Medicago lupulina, Ranunculus bulbosus, Cirsium acaule, Euphrasia stricta, Dianthus deltoides, Potentilla neumanniana (Potentilla tabernaemontani, Potentilla verna), Anthyllis vulneraria, Galium verum, Euphorbia brittingeri (Euphorbia verrucosa), Hippocrepis comosa, Scabiosa columbaria, Centaurea scabiosa, Carlina vulgaris, Viola hirta, and numerous orchid species. Forming a bridge between the Mediterranean region and thermophile sites to the north, they can be identified by their high representation of Mediterranean species in the north and of Euro-Siberian ones in the south.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Anthyllis vulneraria
Flowering Plants Avenula pubescens
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Briza media
Flowering Plants Bromus erectus
Flowering Plants Carex caryophyllea
Flowering Plants Carex flacca
Flowering Plants Carlina vulgaris
Flowering Plants Centaurea scabiosa
Flowering Plants Cirsium acaule
Flowering Plants Dianthus deltoides
Flowering Plants Euphorbia brittingeri
Flowering Plants Euphorbia verrucosa
Flowering Plants Euphrasia stricta
Flowering Plants Festuca guestfalica
Flowering Plants Festuca lemanii
Flowering Plants Festuca rupicola
Flowering Plants Galium verum
Flowering Plants Gentianella germanica
Flowering Plants Hippocrepis comosa
Flowering Plants Koeleria pyramidata
Flowering Plants Medicago lupulina
Flowering Plants Ononis repens
Flowering Plants Potentilla neumanniana
Flowering Plants Potentilla tabernaemontani
Flowering Plants Potentilla verna
Flowering Plants Ranunculus bulbosus
Flowering Plants Scabiosa columbaria
Flowering Plants Sesleria albicans
Flowering Plants Trifolium montanum
Flowering Plants Viola hirta
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Anthyllis vulneraria Flowering Plants
Avenula pubescens Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Briza media Flowering Plants
Bromus erectus Flowering Plants
Carex caryophyllea Flowering Plants
Carex flacca Flowering Plants
Carlina vulgaris Flowering Plants
Centaurea scabiosa Flowering Plants
Cirsium acaule Flowering Plants
Dianthus deltoides Flowering Plants
Euphorbia brittingeri Flowering Plants
Euphorbia verrucosa Flowering Plants
Euphrasia stricta Flowering Plants
Festuca guestfalica Flowering Plants
Festuca lemanii Flowering Plants
Festuca rupicola Flowering Plants
Galium verum Flowering Plants
Gentianella germanica Flowering Plants
Hippocrepis comosa Flowering Plants
Koeleria pyramidata Flowering Plants
Medicago lupulina Flowering Plants
Ononis repens Flowering Plants
Potentilla neumanniana Flowering Plants
Potentilla tabernaemontani Flowering Plants
Potentilla verna Flowering Plants
Ranunculus bulbosus Flowering Plants
Scabiosa columbaria Flowering Plants
Sesleria albicans Flowering Plants
Trifolium montanum Flowering Plants
Viola hirta Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 34.32 Sub-Atlantic semidry calcareous grasslands source
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.1.3b Bloody Crane's-bill variant n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.1.3a Dry meadow type rich in herbs, poor Red Fescue variant n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.1.2 Sheep's Fescue dry meadow type n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.1.3 Dry meadow type rich in herbs n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.1.3d Festuca stricta variant n/a
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 13 Upland calcareous grassland overlap
National Vegetation Classification (UK) CG3 Bromus erectus grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) CG9 Sesleria albicans-Galium sterneri grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) CG10 Festuca ovina-Agrostis capillaris-Thymus praecox grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) CG4 Brachypodium pinnatum grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) CG7 Festuca ovina-Hieracium pilosella-Thymus praecox/pulegioides grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) CG5 Bromus erectus-Brachypodium pinnatum grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) CG6 Avenula pubescens grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) CG8 Sesleria albicans-Scabiosa columbaria grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) CG2 Festuca ovina-Avenula pratensis grassland narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 4.2.4 Pelouse mi-sèche médio-europénne wider
Biotopes of the Czech Republic 2001 T3.4 ŠIROKOLISTÉ SUCHÉ TRÁVNÍKY (Broad-leaved dry grasslands) same
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 3511000 Subxerofilné travobylinné biotopy n/a
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 3521500 Teplomilné stoklasové lúky n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.26 Sub-Atlantic semi-dry calcareous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.26 Sub-Atlantic semi-dry calcareous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.26 Sub-Atlantic semi-dry calcareous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.26 Sub-Atlantic semi-dry calcareous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.26 Sub-Atlantic semi-dry calcareous grasslands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.112 Sub-Atlantic semi-dry calcareous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.32 Sub-Atlantic semidry calcareous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.32 Sub-Atlantic semi-dry calcareous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.32   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.32   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.32   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.32   same
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